2011 Volkswagen Passat
With complete 15 zillion cars sold, the Volkswagen Passat is one of the nigh successful automobiles in the mankind. Now thither is a new Passat. It is the 7th contemporaries since 1973. The styling of the bestseller was wholly re-interpreted, and its forepart shows parallels to the Tourer and is more telling than e’er. Moreover, the VW Passat has constantly mirrored the class of technical progression. And this applies unreservedly to the 7th Passat, which bequeath establish simultaneously as a taproom and estate car. The overall range of technological innovations now implemented in the Passat Trendline (entry-level), Passat Comfortline (mid-level) and Passat Highline (top model) has reached a scale previously found only in upper and luxury class cars.
Superior Styling: New Passat follows front-end design of the VW Phaeton
After the Phaeton, presented in the summer of 2010, with the new Passat Volkswagen is introducing its second model whose front end is highlighted by a grille with four crossmembers; the height of the grille approximately matches that of the headlights. While a comparatively narrow radiator grille with two crossmembers typifies styling of models beneath the Passat and Phaeton, as well as the vans, Head of Design for the Volkswagen Group Walter de Silva and Head of Design for the Volkswagen Brand Klaus Bischoff deliberately chose this distinguishing feature on the radiator grille to highlight the status of higher positioned vehicles. Now the Volkswagen Passat’s look also follows the new Volkswagen “design DNA.”
2011 Volkswagen Passat
The entirely new front-end design gave the Passat – now 1,820 mm wide and 4,769 (Estate: 4,771) mm long – an even more dominant look. Although the car has not grown in width, it has a greater presence and more visual dynamism. The heights of the two body versions also remained constant (saloon: 1,474 mm; Estate: 1,519 mm).
The dominant expression of the Volkswagen Passat is reinforced by the new dual headlights with optional bi-xenon and LED daytime running lights. Each daytime running light consists of 15 LEDs. Beneath the lines formed by the headlights and grille is the body-coloured bumper section. The next level down sports another air intake framed by chrome-plated winglets – stylised elements similar to the wing tips of commercial aircraft. The very low profile fog lights are integrated here. On the Highline equipment line, another chrome trim strip at the centre of the air intake joins the winglets. At the lowest level, there is the front spoiler. As on motorsport cars, it is designed as a so-called splitter. From the Comfortline equipment level, a chrome trim strip is also applied here.
The front end blends into the side profile via the side contour of the V-shaped bonnet, in the style of the Phaeton, and the car’s distinctive wing panel lines. The significantly crisper lower and (new) upper character lines stand out here. These two lines now give structure to the height of the Passat and give it a lower profile and a more powerful image. In one clean stroke, the upper character line joins the highest point of the headlights with the window line up to the C-pillar. Beneath this is the second character line; it joins the side sections of the headlights and rear lights which extend into the side profile. In the sill area, a black (Trendline) or chrome (Comfortline and Highline) trim strip upgrades the lateral surfaces between the flared wheel housings; this trim strip is continued in the front and rear sections. The side profile, with its new door mirror design, is also characterised by a very fluid sweep from the roof section to the rear. Visually, the equipment lines differ in side profile by their different wheel-tyre combinations.
The significantly reduced wedge shape compared to the previous model, along with the new line styling in particular, give the rear section a lighter and more elegant appearance. This makes the rear of the saloon appear lower, and the end surfaces of both body versions are wider. Very distinctive here are the rear lights that now wrap around into the wings with a significant contour of the main light. There are basically two versions of the rear lights; the top version utilises LED technology for the main light and brake light as well as the rear fog light. Beneath this, starting with the Comfortline the rear is framed by a chrome trim strip here too. In the estate car bumper, it runs right across the full width of the car; on the saloon it is split by the licence plate frame that is situated lower on the car.
The Passat has different exhaust pipes that are specific to the engine type. So, the lower area of each rear bumper was modified accordingly. On the natural gas powered Passat 1.4 TSI EcoFuel, no tailpipe is visible. The base engines (1.4 TSI with 90 kW and 1.6 TDI with 77 kW) each have a single tailpipe on the left side. All of the more powerful front-wheel drive Passats are characterised by a dual exhaust pipe on the left. The all-wheel drive 4MOTION versions, meanwhile, can be recognised by a two tailpipes, one on the left and one on the right.
High Torsional Rigidity
The seventh Volkswagen Passat is one of the safest and highest quality vehicles in its class. One key index for both of these criteria: the body’s static torsional rigidity. It is 32,400 Nm/°, a top value. This value would not have been feasible without the specific application of high-strength steel grades. The share of these steels in the Passat’s body structure is 74 percent. These high-strength and super high strength metals are classified in four strength levels; experts speak here of different “yield points.” Almost precious metals, though not in the classic sense of the word, are the highly innovative form-hardened steels. Their share in the Passat is 16 percent. They can be found wherever just one thing counts: maximum safety.
Innovative Production Methods
Strength-optimised joining technology targets the use of high-tech materials. When the first Passat was introduced 37 years ago, this would have been described crudely as “welding.” But today the situation is much more complex: “Joining” refers to production methods such as welding, but it also includes adhesive joining methods. Since a high-tech car like the Volkswagen Passat is no longer “welded” together in the conventional sense of the word, the terminology “strength-optimised welding technology” is not especially correct. In zones subject to maximum body structure stresses, both laser welding and spot welding are used to join the parts. These methods are supplemented by structural adhesive bonds and of course conventional resistance spot welding.
Greater Vibration Comfort
For Volkswagen, optimal vibration comfort is a high priority. The very technically sounding terminology contains the key word here, because it is a magic word when it comes to overall comfort. This is very perceptible. In this context, special attention was given to isolating engine vibration. That is why the Passat has an elaborate three-point swivel bearing, which results in optimal isolation of engine and body. Just as important: isolating the multi-link suspension by subframes.
The Passat is equipped with standard features that include two-stage front airbags, safety-optimised and therefore also horizontally adjustable front head restraints, crash-optimised foot pedals and side airbags (front) and side curtain airbags (front and rear). Also available for the rear seating area are side airbags and a belt status indicator. It is clear that the Passat, as a car established on all five continents, would also fulfil all international crash standards. The previous model already attained a five star rating in Euro-NCAP crash testing.
Modified in many aspects is the dashboard. Its upper section, where the air vents are integrated, has a new surface texture. Chrome accents upgrade the bezels of the vent screens. The decorative strips in the instruments also have new and higher-end material composition; they visually separate the upper and lower areas and are now designed with a slight curvature.
In the Trendline base version, “Matt Chrome” decorative inserts are used. For the first time, door trims of the VW Passat are treated with special accents. Four other decor types are available for the higher versions Comfortline (standard: “Iridium Printed”) and Highline (standard: “Brushed Aluminium”). Genuine “Walnut” and “Zebrano” wood accents are offered on the Passat Comfortline at extra charge and as a selection on the Passat Highline. Always designed in brushed aluminium is the centre console aboard the Passat Comfortline and Highline. Visually coordinated with this are the chrome bezels of the illuminated switches for lights, mirror adjustment and window lifts.
Multi-Colour Multifunctional Display
New between the speedometer and tachometer: a now multi-coloured TFT display (standard on the Highline), similar in its graphics to the one that is used in the Phaeton and Touareg. Thanks to its higher resolution, the look of the new multifunctional display has a multi-colour layout and animated menus similar to those of the complex graphics of the RNS 510 radio-navigation system.
Redesigned Centre Console
Volkswagen’s brand properties include intuitively laid out cockpit controls and features. With this objective in mind, interior designers gave a new layout to the entire centre console. On the upper level there is an analogue clock, which appears in the same position in the Phaeton. Located right under this are the infotainment systems, which have been adopted largely unchanged from the previous model. Exactly at the centre, and therefore optimally placed in the visual field and operating radius is the hazard flasher switch. Located on the next level down are controls the air conditioning or automatic climate control system.
The gearshift panel – the area surrounding the gearshift lever – was completely redesigned. The gearshift lever itself – for both the manual transmission and dual clutch gearbox (DSG) – has a sportier position in the hand. Now positioned in an ideal ergonomic location on the left side of the panel is the button for the electronic parking brake (previously to the left of the steering wheel). Then there are buttons for Auto Hold, ESP and – in versions with Keyless Access – the start button for the engine.
Integrated on the right side of the gearshift lever is a control key panel for activating the rear sun shade, DCC adaptive chassis control, Stop/Start system, tyre pressure monitoring and Rear Assist (acoustic / visual parking assistant) and Park Assist (automatic parking assistant).
In ambience lighting, light strips are placed in the fine wood or aluminium accents in the doors. The brightness of this indirect lighting is continuously variable and is adjusted by the control knob for interior lighting. This illumination is offered as part of an Ambience Pack (includes 2 lights in footwell and entry/warning lights in the doors) together with the related accent strips.
New Generation of Seats
The styling and covers for the seats were also modified. Four different versions are offered here, depending on equipment options. The Passat Trendline is fitted with fabric seat covers in “Conte” design. In this version, the driver and front passenger seats already have standard height adjustment.
At the next higher equipment level (Comfortline), seats in “Matera” design are used. The seat surfaces and lateral sections are designed with different web types. Standard features on the Comfortline include electrically adjustable lumbar support and driver’s seat backrest.
As an option, the Comfortline seats can be ordered in the climate version (include fan cooling). In this case, the seats are upholstered in “Nardo” style fabric that has been coordinated with the ventilation system. In addition, Volkswagen offers the Comfortline seats in a “Vienna” leather version (including seat heating), which can also be ordered in a climate version as an option.
Leather is the standard material on the comfort seats of the Passat Highline. The lateral seat supports and surfaces of the centre armrests are upholstered with “Vienna” leather; Alcantara is used on the seat surfaces (heated seats in front). Also standard here: electrically adjustable lumbar support and driver’s seat backrest.
Essentially, the last expansion level in comfort adds electric 12-way adjustment for the front seats. Included here: a memory function for the driver’s side. In addition, the electrically adjustable and heated door mirrors also fold electrically here and are equipped with surroundings lighting; the mirror on the driver’s side automatically dims in response to strong incident light from the rear.
From the Comfortline, the front head restraints are now not only height-adjustable, rather they can also be adjusted horizontally. In this new design, the outer areas of the head restraints can be pulled forward. Since they then lie closer to the head, they reduce the risk of whiplash in case of an accident.
Rear Seating / Bootspace – Space for Passengers and Luggage
In the rear seating area, the Volkswagen Passat impresses with three ergonomically contoured seat positions, as well as ample headroom and legroom. The standard rear bench seat is asymmetrically split and folding, and it is equipped with a centre armrest with storage compartment. On the Passat Estate, the seat itself can be folded forward; this creates a level, continuous cargo floor. From the Comfortline equipment line, two extending drink holders are integrated in the centre armrest. Also standard on the Comfortline and Highline equipment lines: a large pass-through opening that can “swallow” four pairs of skis.
Bootspace of the Saloon
The bootspace of the saloon has an astonishingly large cargo capacity of 565 litres. Chrome tie-down eyes make it easier to secure luggage. Two bag hooks on the side help to organise loads after shopping.
One detail reflecting the high level of design in the Passat are the cleanly implemented boot hinges integrated outside of the bootspace. The boot can be unlocked and fully opened by pressing a button inside the car. The boot lid trim houses the warning triangle so that it is quickly accessible even when the bootspace is fully loaded.
Bootspace of the Estate with Variable Cargo Floor
The Volkswagen Passat has also been offered in the especially practical Estate version for years. New here: The Cargo Management Pack familiar on the previous model now also includes a moveable cargo floor. It can be shifted forward and rearward any amount in the area of the cargo surface. For example, this makes it easy to stow a heavy carton of beverages right next to the rear backrest with little effort. The cargo floor may be loaded with up to 100 kilograms in weight; the floor also has a handle for easy removal of the entire unit. In addition, Volkswagen is offering a Space Partition Pack for the Passat Estate. This space partition is a cargo floor that can be set up to artificially partition the bootspace, so that smaller packages will not slide through it. Another component of this pack are storage bins in the spare wheel well for small items. A stainless steel sill guard is also included with the pack.
Remote Unlatching of the Rear Backrest: No less practical is the new remote control for the rear seat backrest. Levers in the right and left bootspace trim make it easy to unlatch the left and/or right section of the 1/3 to 2/3 split backrest; then it can be manually folded forward.
Bootspace Cover: Volkswagen also redesigned the cargo space cover for the Estate. To roll up the cargo space cover completely from a closed position, all that needs to be done is to press it lightly from above.
Space Giant: The cargo capacity of the Estate’s bootspace is 603 litres up to the height of the lower window edge. When the space giant’s entire space is utilised, including the 90 litre spare wheel recess, cargo capacity increases to 1,731 litres – in this case, the Passat is filled to the roofliner and up to the backs of the front seats. A net partition may be installed behind the first or second seat row, so that no cargo shifts into the passenger compartment when braking.
The new Passat can handle plenty of payload as well: It can be loaded with up to a maximum of 689 kilograms (Passat Estate 2.0 TDI 4MOTION). To make loading easier, the tailgate on the Estate swings up to 2.06 metres high; the load sill is only 0.62 metre high. Other key data of the Estate cargo space: 0.72 metre pass-through height and 0.83 metre interior height; 1.0 metre is the width between the wheel wells. The largest width in the bootspace: 1.3 metre. Minimum length: 1.13 metre. The cargo floor of the VW Passat Estate increases this to an enormous 1.96 metres when the rear bench is folded.
The new Passat is offered in the three equipment lines Trendline, Comfortline and Highline. The Passat Trendline represents the entry level for the model series, while the Passat Comfortline is recommended as a comfort-oriented medium equipment level; positioned at the boundary to the upper medium class is the exclusive Passat Highline.
Volkswagen Passat Trendline
Although conceived as an entry-level model, the Passat Trendline already has extensive features. Consider CO2 reduction: All turbodiesel models have the Stop/Start system and energy recovery (battery regeneration) as standard features. The petrol and natural gas versions also utilise the battery regeneration mode. In the case of the smallest petrol engine, battery regeneration and the Stop/Start system are optional.
Safety Features: Of course, the Passat Trendline has features such as six airbags, daytime running lights and the ESP electronic stabilisation programme. These features exceed expectations: Trailer stabilisation and countersteering assist, which are integrated in ESP. Effective: the automatic hazard flasher on hard braking. Clever: When the driver parks the Passat and releases the seatbelt – even before the engine is stopped – the electronic parking brake is automatically activated, which prevents undesirable rolling of the Volkswagen. Child friendly: Along with the standard Isofix mounting receptacles that are standard for suitable child seats, the new Passat too can once again be ordered with two child seats (for the outer seating positions) integrated in the rear seats.
Exterior / Functionality: Outside, the VW Passat Trendline can be recognised by such features as its 16-inch steel wheels with full wheel covers in the look of alloy wheels, black painted radiator grille with chrome strips on the fins, black accent strips on the side windows and a chrome strip on the boot lid. Also standard: LED flasher lights in the door mirrors, add-on parts painted in body colour and noise-insulating front windscreen. The Passat Estate is also equipped with black roof rails.
Interior / Functionality: The interior has standard features such as various storage bins (including in the centre and roofliner consoles), bezels and illuminated air nozzles in “Matt Chrome,” decorative inserts also in “Matt Chrome,” asymmetrically split rear bench backrest and analogue clock on the dashboard. Other convenience features aboard: climate control system (Climatic), electromechanical power-assisted steering, electric window lifts all around, outside temperature display, electronic parking brake with auto-hold function, automatic boot lid opening function, central locking (with RF remote control), Multifunctional Display Plus (including call-up of driving data and adjustments for numerous convenience functions) as well as the RCD 210 audio system with MP3 playback capability.
Engines: The VW Passat Trendline can be ordered with any engines up to a power level of 110 kW / 150 PS.
Volkswagen Passat Comfortline
The Comfortline medium equipment line is distinguished from the Trendline versions by exterior and interior upgrades as well as additional convenience and safety features. Also standard aboard the Passat Comfortline: the new fatigue detection system.
Exterior / Functionality: Outside, the Passat Comfortline can be made out by its 16-inch “Perugia” alloy wheels with 215 tyres as well as chrome strips on the side windows and in the area of the side sill and bumpers.
Interior / Functionality: The interior is upgraded by such features as decorative inserts in “Iridium Printed” and elegant seat covers in “Matera” fabric. In addition, there are comfort seats in front with pockets on the seat backrests, manual lumbar supports and electric backrest adjustment (driver’s side). Multifunctional leather steering wheel, leather gearshift grip and woven floor mats are also part of the standard programme.
The RCD 310 radio-CD system with dual and digital tuners as well as MP3 playback function and 4 x 20 Watt power, AUX-IN multimedia port, automatic running light switching, automatically dimming rearview mirror, Park Pilot for front and rear areas, safety-optimised head restraints with additional longitudinal adjustment and rain sensor complete the Comfortline features.
Engines: The VW Passat Comfortline can be ordered with any engine up to a power level of 155 kW / 211 PS.
Volkswagen Passat Highline
Exterior / Functionality: The most extensive range of standard features is offered by the Passat Highline. Beyond the contents of the Comfortline versions, the exterior of this equipment line is upgraded by 17-inch “Michigan” alloy wheels with 235 mobility tyres (self-sealing), chrome strips in the area of the lower air intakes and glossy black roof pillars. In addition, chrome-framed front fog lights with static turning lights, heated windscreen washer nozzles and tyre pressure monitoring indicator offer a plus in safety. The Passat Estate Highline can be recognised by its silver anodised roof rails.
Interior / Functionality: Inside, it is details such as decorative inserts in “Brushed Aluminium” (or genuine wood), “Premium” Multifunctional Display with multi-coloured display, stainless steel door sill plates with “Passat” signature, electric lumbar and backrest adjustment on the driver’s seat, seats in Alcantara / leather with seat heating in front and automatic climate control (Climatronic), which perfect the car’s ambience and comfort.
Engines: The VW Passat Highline can be ordered with any engine in the engine range.
Key Optional Features
Those who wish to further tailor the Passat to their individual requirements can do this with the programme of special options. Technical features here include the new Ambience Pack (with light strips in the door trims), the also new panorama tilt/slide sunroof for the Estate (Saloon: tilt/slide glass roof or solar roof), assistance systems (such as ACC plus Front Assist with city emergency braking function, Dynamic Light Assist, Lane Assist or Side Assist), navigation systems (RNS 315 and RNS 510), the audio systems “Dynaudio Confidence” (600 Watt) and “Volkswagen Sound” (300 Watt) as well as TV reception for the RNS 510 radio-navigation system.
Another plus when it comes to convenience is offered by the DCC adaptive chassis control (saloon and Estate) as well as the fully automatic ride levelling (Estate). Providing for proper organisation of the bootspace are the Cargo Management Pack and Cargo Space Partition Pack.
The Travel Comfort Pack is a chapter in itself. It includes a 230-Volt outlet in the rear seating area, folding door mirrors, anti-theft warning system, four reading lamps with chrome bezels, automatically dimming rearview mirror, automatic running light switching. mobile telephone prep, Park Assist parking assistant, rain sensor and noise-damping front side windows in composite safety glass – and this is just a sampling of features in this comprehensive pack, which is also priced very attractively.
Engines & Gearboxes
As is usual for Volkswagen, the new Passat also sets standards in sustainability. All ten engines (77 kW / 105 PS to 220 kW / 300 PS) were made more fuel-efficient – and indeed by up to 18 percent. The TDI versions are equipped with BlueMotion Technology as standard equipment. This efficient technology pack includes low rolling resistance tyres, a Stop/Start system and a battery regeneration mode. VW Passat models with petrol engines also have standard battery regeneration technology that recovers braking energy. In the case of the smallest petrol engine, battery regeneration and the Stop/Start system are options. The standard transmission in all Passats is a six-speed gearbox. Except for the 105-PS TDI, all other engines of the new Passat may be combined with a dual clutch gearbox (DSG); in the case of the V6, DSG is already aboard as standard equipment.
Most Sustainable Volkswagen Passat Ever
The most fuel-efficient Passat engine is the 1.6 TDI (turbodiesel) with 77 kW / 105 PS). It consumes just 4.2 l/100 km in the Passat BlueMotion; that is equivalent to 109 g/km CO2. Meanwhile, downsizing and technologies such as the Stop/Start system also enable extraordinarily low fuel consumption values among the petrol engines. Pioneering here is the 1.4 TSI with 90 kW / 122 PS; in the BlueMotion Technology version it is satisfied with 5.9 l/100 km. The equivalent CO2 value: 138 g/km.
TSI and V6 / Petrol and Natural Gas Direct-Injection Engines – Five Charged Four Cylinder Engines and One Six Cylinder
The petrol engines of the Volkswagen Passat output 90 kW / 122 PS (1.4 TSI), 118 kW / 160 PS (1.8 TSI), 155 kW / 211 PS (2.0 TSI) and 220 kW / 300 PS (V6). The top engine has six cylinders, while all other petrol engines are charged four cylinders. Also charged is a 1.4 TSI with 110 kW / 150 PS that is configured for natural gas (EcoFuel). A derivative of the 1.4 TSI is the MultiFuel engine (118 kW / 160 PS) that is designed for use with petrol fuel with up to 85 percent ethanol content.
1.4 TSI with 90 kW / 122 PS
The 1.4 TSI with optional BlueMotion Technology is the most fuel-efficient petrol engine. It outputs 90 kW / 122 PS (at 5,000 rpm), and in the BlueMotion version it only consumes 5.9 l/100 km (or 138 g/km). The turbocharged TSI develops its maximum torque of 200 Newton-metres between 1,500 and 4,000 rpm. The four cylinder enables a top speed of 205 km/h (Estate: 202 km/h). The Passat saloon handles the classic 0-100 km/h sprint in 10.3 seconds (Estate: 10.6 seconds). This engine version is available with an optional seven-speed DSG.
1.8 TSI with 118 kW / 160 PS
The 1.8 TSI develops its maximum power of 118 kW / 160 PS from 5,000 rpm. On this four cylinder engine, the development team reduced combined fuel consumption from the previous model’s 7.4 l/100 km to 6.9 l/100 km on the new model; the CO2 value attained here is 160 g/km. The turbocharged four cylinder is exceptionally torque-strong (maximum of 250 Newton-metres between 1,500 and 4,200 rpm). With this engine, the saloon reaches 100 km/h in 8.5 seconds (Estate: 8.7 seconds); its top speed is 220 km/h (Estate: 218 km/h). The TSI can be combined with a seven-speed DSG as an option.
2.0 TSI with 155 kW / 211 PS
The fuel economy improvement on the 2.0 TSI with 155 kW / 211 PS (previously 200 PS) is significant; this turbo engine now has a combined fuel consumption of 7.2 l/100 (Estate is also 7.2 l/100 km), which is 0.6 litre less than on the previous model. Accordingly, CO2 emissions were reduced from 183 to 169 g/km. The large TSI, which debuted in the Golf GTI, develops its peak power from 5,300 rpm. Its maximum torque of 280 Newton-metres lies between 1,700 rpm and 5,000 rpm. The Passat 2.0 TSI can move at a fast 238 km/h (Estate: 235 km/h). The saloon handles the sprint to 100 km/h in 7.6 seconds (Estate: 7.7 seconds). Available as a special option here is a six-speed DSG.
V6 4MOTION with 220 kW / 300 PS
The combined fuel consumption of the top version – the Passat V6 with 300 PS and 4MOTION all-wheel drive – now comes in significantly lower at 9.3 l/100 km (previous saloon: 9.8 litres). The new CO2 value is 215 g/km (Estate: 215 g/km). The six cylinder engine develops its maximum power of 220 kW / 300 PS at 6,600 rpm, its maximum torque of 350 Newton-metres is available at 2,400 rpm. The six cylinder accelerates the saloon to 100 km/h in 5.5 seconds (Estate: 5.7 seconds). In both body versions, the car’s top speed is electronically limited to 250 km/h. Shifting work is performed by a six-speed DSG as standard equipment.
1.4 TSI EcoFuel with 110 kW / 150 PS
One of the lowest emitting models of the medium class is the Passat EcoFuel; in the new version, a combined fuel consumption of 6.6 m3 natural gas per 100 km has been determined (Estate: 6.7 m3 per 100 km); this corresponds to CO2 emissions of just 117 g/km (Estate: 119 g/km) and a 0.4 m3 reduction in fuel consumption. Thanks to dual charging by turbo and supercharging (Twincharger), the Passat EcoFuel is considered one of the sportiest natural gas vehicles in the world. The saloon can move at a fast 214 km/h and accelerates to 100 km/h in 9.8 seconds; values for the Estate version are 212 km/h and 9.9 seconds.
1.4 TSI MultiFuel with 118 kW / 160 PS
Based on the twincharged 1.4 TSI, a 118 kW / 160 PS MultiFuel Twincharger was developed especially for use in Sweden and Norway. This petrol engine can be operated with fuel that has an ethanol content of up to 85 percent. Fuel economy and driving performance values will be announced at market launch in Scandinavia.
TDI and BlueTDI / Diesel Direct Injection Engines – Four Charged Common Rail Four Cylinder Engines
Four turbodiesel engines are being offered at three power levels; the four cylinder engines output 77 kW / 105 PS (1.6 TDI), 103 kW / 140 PS (2.0 TDI and 2.0 BlueTDI) and 125 kW / 170 PS (2.0 TDI).
1.6 TDI with 77 kW / 105 PS
The most fuel-efficient version of the new VW Passat is the 1.6 TDI BlueMotion with 77 kW / 105 PS (from 4,400 rpm) and 250 Newton-metres torque (from 1,500 rpm). In the previous model, this engine already delivered fabulously low fuel consumption values. An aerodynamically perfected design, additional internal engine fine-tuning and technologies such as the Stop/Start system and battery regeneration have reduced fuel consumption in the new Passat BlueMotion (Saloon) by 0.2 litre to 4.2 l/100 km; that is equivalent to a CO2 value of 109 g/km (Estate: 4.4 l/100 km and 114 g/km). The Passat 1.6 TDI BlueMotion has a top speed of 195 km/h and accelerates to 100 km/h in 12.2 seconds. Values for the Passat Estate with this engine are 193 km/h and 12.5 seconds.
2.0 TDI with 103 kW / 140 PS
Fuel consumption was also reduced on the Volkswagen Passat 2.0 TDI with BlueMotion Technology that outputs 103 kW / 140 PS from 4,200 rpm; 4.6 litres (equivalent to 119 g/km CO2) nearly matches the value of the 105-PS BlueMotion model of the previous generation. The 2.0 TDI BlueMotion Technology can call upon 320 Newton-metres of torque from 1,750 rpm, reaches 100 km/h in 9.8 seconds and has a top speed of 213 km/h. The Estate also has a combined fuel consumption of 4.6 litres and 120 g/km CO2 emissions. This estate car accelerates to 100 km/h in 10.0 seconds and attains a top speed of 210 km/h. Optional: a six-speed DSG.
2.0 TDI with 125 kW / 170 PS
The combined fuel consumption of the strongest Passat TDI with 125 kW / 170 PS is 4.6 l/100 km (120 g/km CO2) as a saloon – this is 0.9 litre less than on the previous model. The 170 PS Passat Variant TDI consumes 4.7 l/100 km (123 g/km CO2). This TDI also operates with common rail injection. Its maximum power lies at 4,200 rpm. Between 1,750 and 2,500 rpm, the engine develops its maximum torque of 350 Newton-metres – sufficient power and force to accelerate the Passat to 100 km/h in 8.6 seconds (Estate: 8.8 seconds). The car’s top speed is 227 km/h (Estate: 224 km/h). Like the 140-PS version, the strongest TDI may also be ordered with a six-speed DSG.
2.0 BlueTDI with 103 kW / 140 PS
One of the lowest emitting turbodiesels in the world is used in the Passat 2.0 BlueTDI. In the Passat, the 103 kW / 140 PS (previously 143 PS) engine already meets requirements of the Euro-6 emissions standard, which does not take effect until 2014. To further reduce levels of nitrogen oxides, this VW Passat is equipped with a standard SCR catalytic converter. In the new generation of the Passat 2.0 BlueTDI, fuel consumption has been reduced by an additional 0.6 litre to just 4.7 l/100 km (equivalent to 122 g/km CO2). These values apply to both the saloon and the Estate.
The sixteen-valve four-cylinder engine with a displacement of 1,968 cm3 develops its maximum power at 4,200 rpm. 320 Newton-metres maximum torque is already available from 1,750 rpm. These key parameters let the turbo engine accelerate the Passat to 100 km/h in just 9.9 seconds; its top speed is 213 km/h. (Estate: 10.0 seconds and 210 km/h). Volkswagen also offers the Passat BlueTDI with an optional six-speed DSG.
SCR Catalytic Converter
The SCR catalytic converter of the Passat BlueTDI together with the additive AdBlue selectively converts nitrogen oxides (NOx) in the exhaust stream into nitrogen and water. This is in addition to an oxidation catalytic converter and diesel particulate filter which are also used to reduce the entire range of emissions. AdBlue is carried in an auxiliary tank. It is sprayed into the exhaust stream by a module downstream of the diesel particulate filter and oxidations catalytic converter. The fluid is metered according to the exhaust mass flow rate. Engine management ensures precise control based on information from the NOx sensor.
Finely atomised by a screen, the urea is converted in the hot exhaust gases upstream of the SCR catalytic converter. In the SCR unit, it reacts with the nitrogen oxides, which it converts to nitrogen and water. AdBlue is nontoxic, odourless and biodegradable; the average consumption rate is about 0.1 litre per 100 kilometres.
Six and Seven-speed DSG – Efficient Dual Clutch Gearboxes
Except for the TDI with 77 kW / 105 PS, any of the other engines of the new Passat may be combined with a dual clutch gearbox (DSG). This is a six-speed or seven-speed DSG, depending on the engine’s torque. Both DSG versions are characterised by maximum economy and dynamic shifting performance never before realised to this degree. Besides differing in the number of forward gears, the two DSG units also differ technically in the types of clutches used. While two dry clutches operate in the seven-speed DSG, the dual clutches of the six-speed DSG operate wet in an oil bath. This is true of both gearboxes: Even highly experienced drivers cannot approach the shifting speeds of the DSG gearboxes. More than any other automatic, the dual clutch gearboxes also have the potential to reduce fuel consumption and thereby emissions. Compared to an automatic with torque-converter clutch, this advantage may amount to up to twenty percent depending on the engine.
Meanwhile, the two DSG versions are specialists at their given tasks. While the six-speed DSG shows excellent performance with torque-strong engines (up to 350 Newton-metres) thanks to its broad torque range, the seven-speed DSG is especially well adapted for use with smaller engines (up to 250 Newton-metres).
The driving behaviour and comfort properties of the Volkswagen Passat have attained new high levels. The four-link rear suspension, acoustically isolated from the car body via subframes, the MacPherson-type front suspension designed with aluminium components and the electromechanical power-assisted steering all deliver maximum comfort and optimal active safety. The new Passat may also be ordered with the optional DCC adaptive chassis control and 4MOTION all-wheel drive (for these two features see section: Technological Innovations). Another option is the sport chassis with 15 mm lower ride height.
The running gear has been perfected by the ESP system with trailer stabilisation that is a standard feature worldwide. Above and beyond familiar ESP functions, the system detects the dreaded swaying of a trailer very early and counteracts it with specific braking actions and engine interventions.
MacPherson-type Front Suspension
The front suspension of the Passat is based on the MacPherson principle with lower A-arms and struts. This running gear is extremely lightweight and so it offers numerous benefits. In addition, the axle is built to be very lightweight. In the area of the very rigid and crash-optimised chassis subframe alone, 4.5 kilograms of weight was pared compared to a conventional steel plate design. Also especially light in weight are the forged aluminium transverse links. Here, the weight advantage compared to steel plate is a total of 4.2 kilograms.
Lightweight construction methods are especially beneficial when they are applied to unsprung masses. That is why, along with the transverse links, the pivot bearings are also made of aluminium. The total weight advantage here compared to steel plate is 3.2 kilograms. In total, the various lightweight construction methods on the front running gear yield a weight advantage of 13.3 kilograms. The results: greater comfort, more dynamic performance and better fuel economy.
Four-Link Rear Suspension
The four-link rear suspension of the Passat is also very lightweight and offers a maximum of driving comfort and driving stability. The special layout of the links enables separate tuning of longitudinal and transverse dynamics. This functional separation guarantees optimal dynamic performance and safety on the one hand, and very impressive ride comfort on the other.
The four-link rear suspension consists of an isolated subframe, to which the steering knuckle is joined – via the spring suspension arm, track rod and transverse link – in an upward transverse direction. Longitudinal links handle wheel location in the longitudinal direction. At the rear axle, weight-optimised tube stabilisers are also used. A key aspect contributing to the Passat’s excellent comfort is the fact that the rear suspension is isolated by the subframes of the car body. This isolation is achieved by the use of four rubber-metal bearings. The rubber mixture of the bearings was selected to ideally fulfil special dynamic requirements during driving. The results: Isolation of the subframe improves both acoustics and driving and ride comfort to the upper vehicle class level.
The New Passat – Chronology
The original VW Passat, number one, designed by Giugiaro, arrived on the market 37 years ago in July 1973. And this marked the beginning of one of the greatest success stories in automotive history. In its first full year of sales – 1974 – the Passat was chosen by 133,000 buyers. By December 1976, the new bestseller had already exceeded the one million vehicles sold mark. And it continued on this successful path; to date, over 15 million Passat cars have been registered worldwide. From a purely statistical perspective, this means that 1,106 Passat and Passat Estate cars have been delivered day after day without interruption for a full 37 years. Or one car sold every 1.3 minutes. This amounts to 33,632 Passats per month and over 400,000 per year. A bestseller par excellence and – after the Golf and the Beetle – the bestselling Volkswagen of all times.
Generation I – 1973 to 1980
Fade back to the past. July 1973: Volkswagen launches the successor to the 1600 and 411 models. A modern fastback saloon with front-wheel drive and longitudinal in-line engine in front. Water-cooled! No more air cooling. Sensational, because – with the exception of the K70 – the air-cooled boxer engine in the rear had dominated Volkswagen history until then. Sure, the Beetle is still there. And in droves. But this Volkswagen Passat with its superior powertrain and body concept is the future. This much is certain: the product is good. Under the bonnet, petrol engines with up to 63 kW / 85 PS guarantee agile performance. At that time, no one would have guessed that future generations would be powered by TDI engines that consume considerably less than five litres of fuel per 100 kilometres; or that the future would bring supercharger and turbocharger boosted EcoFuel natural gas engines into the Passat; or that the dual clutch transmission (DSG) would appear, which shifts faster and better than any human driver. 37 years ago, all of this would have been “written in the stars” at best.
And much more was happening. When the first Passat left the assembly halls at the Emden plant, Willy Brandt was shaping the fate of Germany as Chancellor, Hillary Rodham and her boyfriend Bill Clinton were completing their law studies at Yale University, Roger Moore was saving the world as James Bond in Live and Let Die, German singer Heino was singing about the Edelweiß, Pink Floyd released The Dark Side of the Moon, and IBM presented the first hard drive, setting the stage for the computer age.
The first Passat is a weight-optimised car with two or four doors and space for five persons. In terms of engines, customers could choose from three petrol engines in two displacement classes. Early on, in February 1974, the new Passat Estate took on the really big transport tasks. Thanks to its long, extended look and versatility, it also quickly became a bestseller.
In 1977, when the Bee Gees ignited the disco wave with Stayin’ Alive in Saturday Night Fever, which also spilled over to Germany, Volkswagen presented a stylistically and aerodynamically optimised Passat – with a classic facelift of the first generation model. Plastic clad bumpers were to mark their construction from then on; inside, the ergonomics of many components were improved.
In March 1978, the 1.5-litre diesel engine (37 kW / 50 PS) successfully used in the Golf was introduced to the Volkswagen Passat. 7.5-litre combined fuel consumption, and even better fuel economy when the driver practices a restrained driving style, are a declaration of a new world of fuel-efficient automobiles. In April 1980, the Passat races through the two million unit mark in sales volume. When the next generation was introduced in late Autumn, the Passat had already assured itself a place in automotive history with 2.6 million units sold.
Generation II – 1980 to 1988
The second generation of the medium class model debuted in November 1980. In this time period, Diana Ross tours the world with Upside Down; David Bowie is immortalised in Ashes To Ashes; Ronald Reagan becomes the most powerful man in the world. We have no way of knowing whether one of them ever drove a Passat. But it is a new design: larger, more elegant and mature. The Passat now also breaks free from the Audi 80 and independently sets out on its own. In the second generation of the Passat, Volkswagen naturally continues with the successful fastback saloon, but this time it simultaneously introduces the new Estate as well. Both versions impress technically with features such as a new, innovative semi-independent suspension.
An especially fuel-efficient engine is at work under the bonnet: a new 1.6-litre diesel with 40 kW / 54 PS; in August 1982, the power level of the diesels in the VW Passat rises to 51 kW / 70 PS with the first turbodiesel. Right at its market launch, the Passat is available for the first time with a five-cylinder petrol engine (85 kW / 115 PS). In the same year, Volkswagen launches a classic Passat saloon with four doors and conventional bootspace on the market: the Santana. At the same time, more and more high-tech components are added to the programme. An example: the all-wheel drive of the Passat Estate GT syncro – first delivered in 1984.
In 1985, the car undergoes an extensive facelift. In the same year, Volkswagen produces the first Volkswagen Passat with regulated catalytic converter (66 kW / 90 PS) – and the three-millionth Passat. Launching as its top version is the 200 km/h fast Passat with a 2.2-litre five-cylinder engine (100 kW / 136 PS). In March 1987, the model series breaks the four million unit barrier.
Generation III – 1988 to 1993
The year 1988 marks the beginning of the end of the Cold War. Mikhail Gorbachev rushes to New York and sends a signal that each socialist state could freely choose its own system of government. Early in the same year, Volkswagen delivers the third generation of the Passat and Passat Estate to dealerships. It exhibits new qualities, has grown significantly larger and dazzles with completely new styling lines, has a considerably longer wheelbase and has switched over to transverse mounted engines. Once again, Volkswagen presents the Estate in parallel. Both body versions are characterised by exceptional aerodynamics.
Less than two years later, the first Trabant, Wartburg, Skoda and Lada cars cross the now open German border from East to West; and thousands of Volkswagens are moving in the opposite direction. In the summer after this historical turning point, the Volkswagen Passat exceeds the five million units production mark. Another highlight: the VR6 introduced in early summer 1991. From 2.8 litres of displacement, the compact six cylinder develops a powerful 128 kW / 174 PS; the top speed of the Passat VR6 saloon is 224 km/h, while the Estate reaches 218 km/h.
Generation IV – 1993 to 1996
Bill Clinton has been President of the USA for half a year, and Helmut Kohl is in his eleventh year as German Chancellor when Volkswagen presents a new Passat in mid-summer 1993 after producing over 1.6 million units of the third generation. Exactly 20 years after its introduction, 6.2 million units have already been produced by this time.
In Autumn 1993, first units of the fourth generation Passat are delivered. The most conspicuous visual highlight: now the front end is no longer nearly closed, rather it has a classic radiator grille design. In just three years, nearly 700,000 units are sold of the Passat and Passat Estate which have been further optimised in many aspects. Passive and active safety are optimised by standard driver and front passenger airbags, belt tensioners and an antilock braking system (ABS).
Heralding a technical revolution in 1993 is an engine with the acronym TDI. The turbodiesel direct injection engine outputs 66 kW / 90 PS and enables speeds of up to 178 km/h; its combined fuel consumption is just 5.3 litres per 100 km (Estate: 5.4 litres). In February 1996, the TDI programme is extended with a 1.9-litre four-cylinder that outputs 81 kW / 110 PS.
Generation V, Series I – 1996 to 2000
On 30 June 1996, Germany becomes the new European soccer champion after the legendary “golden goal” by Oliver Bierhoff in London’s Wembley Stadium. Two months later, in August, Volkswagen presents the fifth generation Passat, which introduces a new era in the model series. The reasons: Quality, safety, comfort and convenience now attain levels that in many aspects cross over to those of the next higher vehicle class. The newly designed body is fully galvanised and exhibits extremely high torsional rigidity. Two of many technical highlights: the chassis with new four-link front suspension as well as standard side airbags. Starting in September 1999, ESP becomes the production standard on all Volkswagen Passat models in Germany.
Generation V, Series II – 2000 to 2004
In the summer of 2000, Germany ushers in the new millennium with the World Exposition in Hanover. In October, Volkswagen presents an extensively redesigned fifth generation. The modifications are so extensive that the term “facelift” hardly applies. The second series of the fifth generation points the way to the future, both visually and technically. The newly styled front end with its chrome radiator grille and new rear section with distinctive rear lights underscore the higher positioning of the model series. With new top marks in quality, the Passat makes many of its competitors look old by comparison. Along with the standard front and side airbags, side curtain airbags are now optionally available.
The 202 kW / 275 PS all-wheel drive W8 models enjoy an exclusive position. In the area of high-volume engines, a new 2.0-litre four-cylinder with 96 kW / 130 PS follows in December 2001. Debuting in March 2003 is a new V6 TDI with 132 kW / 180 PS coupled with a standard 4MOTION all-wheel drive system. And just two months later, the TDI programme is extended by another V6 TDI for front-wheel drive versions. It outputs 120 kW / 163 PS, and like the 180-PS V6 with manual gearbox it satisfies the rigorous EU-4 emissions standard.
Meanwhile, the twelve millionth Passat is produced at the Emden Volkswagen plant on 13 May 2003. In Autumn 2003, another innovation appears in the engine range: the Passat 2.0 TDI (100 kW / 136 PS) with soot particulate filter. In 2004, Volkswagen celebrates production of the 13 millionth Passat. At the end of the year, the final units of this generation roll off the assembly lines. They make space for the new sixth generation, whose history begins with a world premiere on 15 February 2005 in Hamburg.
Generation VI – 2005 to 2010
The sixth VW Passat is a well thought-out car that is as stylish as it is practical, and comfortable too. That is because not only have higher-level features – the engines, running gear, body – been reconfigured. Simultaneously, cleverly designed functional elements are introduced that make life better. Many examples could be cited such as the sporty-comfortable touring seats, the well-designed engine start and locking system, the electronic parking brake, an automatic adaptive cruise control system and draft-free Climatronic climate control.
Its distinctive design shows stylish lines, a high level of independence and a brand face that had a chrome insignia radiator grille at that time. The petrol engines output between 75 kW / 102 PS and 220 kW / 300 PS in the Passat R36 introduced in 2007. The turbodiesels develop between 77 kW / 105 PS and 125 kW / 170 PS. Optional DSG gearboxes are offered for the first time; of course, the 4MOTION drive system is also in the programme
Just how much potential the Group, brand and model series possess is illustrated time and again by new engines with extremely good fuel economy. In 2007, for example, Volkswagen presents the first Passat BlueMotion, which consumes just 5.1 l/100 km (equivalent to 136 g/km CO2). The second version of the Volkswagen Passat BlueMotion follows in 2009; it is satisfied with just 4.4 litres per 100 km (114 g/km CO2). Debuting nearly in parallel is the first Passat BlueTDI, which – thanks to its SCR catalytic converter – has such low nitrogen oxide emissions that the car is one of the first in the world to fulfil limits of the Euro-6 emissions standard that does not take effect until 2014. This is the right stuff for shaping the automotive future. And this future will become more exciting and even more sustainable, as demonstrated by the seventh Passat…. But that is a new chapter. The future also belongs to the Volkswagen Passat CC, which won over entirely new buyer groups since 2008 as a four-door coupe – especially in Europe and the USA. So the chances are really good that in upcoming years the Passat – like the Beetle and Golf before it – will become one of the few cars in the world to leave a legacy of 20 million vehicles built.