1991 Fiat Panda
Intentional by Giorgetto Giugiaro, the Panda was intended as a advanced day interpreting of the Citroën 2CV or Renault 4, organism a introductory, simpleton, no-frills utility-grade fomite that was light to use and observe. Introduced in 1980, the Panda was famous for its box-like styling, which would be highly-developed two eld posterior in the figure of the supermini Uno. Automatically, it borrowed heavy from the Edict parts bin, victimisation engines and transmissions from the Order 127 and in sealed territories, the air-cooled 652 cc 2-cylinder powerplant from the Rescript 126 was likewise secondhand. The radical of simmpleness was likewise patent in the back abatement, which exploited a beat axle suspended on riff springs.
Thither were many features which contributed to the Panda’s “substitute car” function, e.g., the arse backside could be folded flatcar to brand a bed, or folded capable enactment a bottleful newsboy, or remote totally to gain the freight place. The figurehead seating had obliterable covers so that they could be water-washed, the textile covered splasher could besides be remote, and the Panda could be specified with a uncut cast backrest sail cap.
Four-wheel drive and further development
In 1983, a 4wd organisation was highly-developed, and this proven pop in rural Italy, where roadstead are frequently identical hapless. The improved “Panda First-rate”, which featured a wide net presence lattice with the new Decree embodied “fin bars” insignia was launched the like yr.
1986 saw around major mechanical changes to the Panda, direction on the entry of the Flack engines from the Uno, and a new spiral sprung ass axle to destination the Panda’s tantalise tone, which had inject for vivid critique from the pressing and customers likewise for its abrasive, lively nature. Visually identifiable by the want of movement “quarterlight” windows, this adaptation was known as the Score II, although this appellative did not characteristic on the badging.
The car’s popularity remained hard end-to-end the Eighties and betimes Nineties, disdain ofttimes confutable bod timber. Other cars too suffered from serious bodywork erosion, wish near Decree vehicles from that era. From 1996 ahead, the Panda began to be phased out crosswise Europe, beingness a dupe of tightening guard legislating. The car remained in product in Italy until September 2003, when the new Panda was launched, with summate product standing at terminated 4.5 meg units ended a 23 yr menstruation.
Spanish carmaker Buns likewise produced a rendering of the Panda. Capable 1983, Ass lacked their own designs and sole made rebadged versions of Edict cars done a certify understanding betwixt the two firms. Thence, thither existed a Spanish edition of the Panda called the Backside Panda, produced from 1981 to 1986. Aft Edict sold their portion in Behind in 1983 and the certify concord was ended, the unhurt Fiat-based card of Bottom was speedily disposed the least potential changes so that Edict couldn’t sue Ass on the ground of evident violation. The Ass Panda had its strawman and arse fascias redesigned and was marketed as the Backside Marbella from 1987 to 1998. It did not experience the major mechanical upgrades of the 1986 Edict Panda Crisscross II.
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