1990 Fiat Panda Elettra
Fiat Panda Elettra
Intentional by Giorgetto Giugiaro, the Panda was intended as a innovative day version of the Citroën 2CV or Renault 4, existence a staple, uncomplicated, no-frills usefulness fomite that was gentle to use and sustain. Introduced in 1980, the Panda was renowned for its box-like styling, which would be highly-developed two days subsequently in the figure of the supermini Uno. Automatically, it borrowed hard from the Decree parts bin, victimisation engines and transmissions from the Decree 127 and in sure territories, the air-cooled 652 cc 2-cylinder powerplant from the Order 126 was likewise put-upon. The root of restraint was too manifest in the back abeyance, which put-upon a idle axle suspended on flip springs.
Thither were many features which contributed to the Panda’s “substitute car” purpose, e.g., the arse ass could be folded apartment to brand a bed, or folded capable act a bottleful flattop, or remote whole to growth the lading spa. The figurehead seating had obliterable covers so that they could be water-washed, the cloth covered fascia could besides be remote, and the Panda could be specified with a uncut roller rachis sail ceiling.
Four-wheel drive and further development
In 1983, a 4wd arrangement was highly-developed, and this proven democratic in rural Italy, where roadstead are oft selfsame pathetic. The improved “Panda Superintendent”, which featured a entire interlock strawman grillwork with the new Edict embodied “pentad bars” insignia was launched the like twelvemonth.
1986 saw roughly major mechanical changes to the Panda, focussing on the debut of the Ardour engines from the Uno, and a new curl sprung arse axle to accost the Panda’s razz calibre, which had enter for acute critique from the pressure and customers similar for its coarse, peppy nature. Visually identifiable by the want of presence “quarterlight” windows, this adaptation was known as the Scratch II, although this denomination did not have on the badging.
The car’s popularity remained warm passim the Eighties and betimes Nineties, scorn oft confutative habitus timber. Betimes cars too suffered from grievous bodywork erosion, care near Rescript vehicles from that era. From 1996 forward, the Panda began to be phased out crosswise Europe, existence a dupe of tightening safe legislating. The car remained in yield in Italy until September 2003, when the new Panda was launched, with amount product standing at complete 4.5 gazillion units terminated a 23 twelvemonth point.
Spanish carmaker Bum likewise produced a edition of the Panda. Capable 1983, Backside lacked their own designs and sole made rebadged versions of Decree cars done a license understanding betwixt the two firms. Therefore, thither existed a Spanish interpretation of the Panda called the Backside Panda, produced from 1981 to 1986. Later Decree sold their ploughshare in Ass in 1983 and the license concord was o’er, the hale Fiat-based card of Bum was promptly presumption the least potential changes so that Rescript couldn’t sue Buns on the ground of apparent misdemeanor. The Bum Panda had its breast and backside fascias redesigned and was marketed as the Ass Marbella from 1987 to 1998. It did not welcome the major mechanical upgrades of the 1986 Edict Panda Score II.
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