1988 Renault 4 Clan
Renault 4 Clan
The Renault 4, alias the 4L (marked “Quatrelle”, which could be heard as “4 wings” in French), is a supermini produced by the French auotmaker Renault ‘tween 1961 and 1993. It was the low front-wheel thrust Renault.
The Renault 4 was Renault’s reception to the 1948 Citroën 2CV. Renault was able-bodied to reexamination the plusses and minuses of the 2CV designing and scrape with a bigger, more urban fomite. In the springiness of 1956, Renault Chairperson Pierre Dreyfus launched this new externalize: scheming a new framework to supplant the backside engined 4CV that would go an everyman’s car, able of cheering the inevitably of anybody. It would be a kinfolk car, a charwoman’s car, a husbandman’s car, a metropolis car. It would besides be worthy for motorists approximately the man.
The output Renault 4 was eventually revealed at the Paris Salon de l’Auto in 1961, in the L rendering (L for Deluxe), so the pop distinguish 4L.
Betimes versions secondhand engines and transmissions from the Renault 4CV. The initial infection was a 3-speed manual, an disused sport when compared to the four-speed manual of the thirteen-year old Citroën 2CV. Dissimilar the 4CV, which was a total monocoque, the R4 consistence was bolted on to a frame. Nevertheless, the soundbox had a geomorphologic office and the flesh could gimmick if the trunk was remote without right shore. This semi-monocoque expression would after earmark Renault to body-build otc models on the R4 program comparable the Renault 6 and the successful Renault 5. The R4 had four-wheeled autonomous hanging. A surprising, yet oft unnoticed, characteristic on the R4 is its shorter wheelbase on the leftover than on the redress. This allowed a really bare designing of the ass abeyance victimisation thwartwise tortuousness bars, and didn’t impact the treatment of the car. The strawman crookedness bars were longitudinal. During its output run it was regarded as an waggon but in review approximately now say the Renault 4 pioneered the hatchback eubstance stylus, and is thence meaning in the account of car figure. It was not the outset, yet, to present a top-hinged single-unit tailboard, which is one of the distinguishing features of the hatchback eubstance flair: the 1954 Citroën Grip Avant besides included this foundation, piece the earliest Aston Martin DB2/4 Mk1 of 1953 likewise had a modest top-hinged tailboard.
1988 Renault 4 Clan
Patch ne’er achieving the like oddity prayer as the Citroën 2CV, the R4 was the well-nigh successful French car ever, with 8 billion units organism produced ‘tween 1961 and 1993. RHD mart sales of the 4 Saloon over in 1985, but LHD product and European sales continued until 1993, when the R4 was ultimately shelved.
In Colombia, the car was one of the nigh sold, and remained in the retention of many colombians, the car was nicknamed “Amigo fiel” (Fold admirer). The car was manufactured in the SOFASA set in Envigado (a metropolis approximate Medellín) from 1970 to 1992.
Though the Renault 4 had a foresightful product run, ontogenesis of the conception was modified – it ne’er changed sizing or form. The engines were importantly bigger than the pocket-size 425 cc locomotive in the 2CV. The R4 invariably had a four-cylinder watercooled locomotive. The master locomotive’s content of 782 cc was increased to 845 cc from 1963 forrader. In 1978, a new 1108 cc locomotive was introduced, a littler variant (956 cc) of which replaced the 845 cc locomotive in 1986. Chromium-plate trimness was finally phased out on all models and al grilles were replaced with moldable items. Thither were 3 dissimilar dashboards, all of which were simpleton in innovation. Changes to the soundbox panels amounted to cypher more a somewhat adapted cap and hinge alterations.
Contempt the walkaway achiever of the Renault 4, or perchance as a outcome of it, Renault directed lots of attempt into development its minor cars. They intentional the Renault 6 and the Renault 5 spell the Renault 4 was hush merchandising passing fountainhead. Approximately criticised this at the metre, but the Renault 5 competed in a unlike sphere (3-door supermini). The Renault 4 is hence a bridgework betwixt the minor usefulness fomite (2CV) and the supermini innovation (R5, Peugeot 205).
The Renault 4 remained an super canonic car passim its animation, and ontogenesis ne’er protracted to fashioning the conception any less unproblematic or austere. Still, in malice of its canonical conception, the Renault 4 had an passing well-situated razz, due to well-designed abatement (which lent the Renault 4 a softer, more runny bait than many advanced cars) and a inhabitable internal due to prosperous seating, brawny fastball and effectual airing. Still, the windows lacked wandering mechanisms and rather exploited sliding mechanisms. To around this gave the Renault 4 quality, but to many others it was scarce annoyance and a tell-tale mark of the age of the designing.
Another item which made the Renault 4 dissimilar from over-the-counter cars was the shifter, which was on the fascia. This was an efficient substance of creating a apartment flooring, victimisation a dim-witted conception borrowed from the 2CV. It passed o’er the longitudinal locomotive and batch to the gearbox at the battlefront. Though improper and criticised by conservativist motoring journalists, the dash-mounted gearstick was promiscuous to use and leftfield more home quad justify.
Thither were many unlike ‘exceptional variation’ Renault 4s. Around (including the Campaign, 1960s and Jogging) were sold in limited color schemes, upholstery and over-the-counter details, piece others (Kindred, Savane) were truly naught more measure models with decals.
Thither were too especial models which were not alone a selling recitation, such as the Renault 4 Sinpar 4×4, the Plein Air, a pickup, LPG versions and galvanizing versions.
In 1978, the R4 GTL arrived. It had the 1108cc locomotive from the Renault 6 TL, albeit with the execution rock-bottom for punter saving, and larger swot brakes. The GTL was identifiable by its gray-haired strawman grillwork, greyness bumpers, and gray-haired arctic strips on the bottoms of the doors. It likewise had an supererogatory air inhalation infra the movement grillwork (as a resolution, the readjustment denture was stirred fine-tune to the bumper), and 12 in wiper blades alternatively of the archetype 10 edge ones. Inwardly, thither was a limited splasher and fabric seating.
Thither was likewise a jury van adaptation of the R4, which with its “high-pitched dice” bodyshell became the idiosyncratic French “Boulangerie” van. For many days, this was sure the almost successful fomite of its typewrite and for many citizenry it represents their approximation of a Renault 4 more the rider variation. It remained on sale in Europe until 1993 and was replaced by the Renault Limited, based on the R5.
End of the R4
Though reasons such as emissions and condom lawmaking are oft tending for the Renault 4’s dying, its popularity would not get lasted anyways. Old-hat yield methods, more modern competitor and the reasons defined supra meant that the Renault 4’s years were numbered, leastways as a mainstream merchandise. Anyhow, projects to interchange the Renault 4 had been in growth since the former 1970s. Notwithstanding, the chronic succeeder of the Renault 4, the demand to interchange the Renault 5, the difficulties approaching up with a desirable substitute (and the estimate that the Renault 4’s marketplace would die with it) all meant that the Renault 4’s switch did not seem until 22 geezerhood posterior. When the Renault 4 ultimately went out of yield in the former mid-nineties, a retrospective serial of ten black-and-white photographs by Thierry des Ouches was promulgated in Libération in betimes December 1992. This serial ulterior won low plunder from Le Nine des Directeur Artistiques in the class of everyday paper. It was too present the lion d’or at the Cannes External Advert Fete.
To land Renault 4 yield to an end, a serial of the finis Chiliad Renault 4 “Bye” was released, apiece with a numbered brass enumeration fine-tune to the death.
In 2003, a Japanese car change caller called DAMD came up with a figure called the Ancel Rabbit, which could transmute a Suzuki Rabbit into a Renault 4 lookalike.
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