1988 Mercedes Benz E Class Estate
Mercedes-Benz E-Class Estate
In 1984 Mercedes-Benz introduced the 124 serial – the get-go phratry of vehicles that would be called the E-Class, though renaming did not hap until June 1993. At its unveiling, where traditionally solitary the Saloon is presented at kickoff, the exemplar identification followed the authoritative formula. The account of the 124 serial is pronounced by a antecedently peerless diverseness of models, eubstance shapes and innovations. An crucial interpose this association was the demonstration of the Demesne in September 1985 at the Outside Motive Appearance in Frankfurt/Briny.
This irregular genesis of the jazzy life-style Land from Mercedes-Benz mostly corresponds to the Taphouse in its technology and styling: obscure from the deviating bottom innovation, the higher cap, and the changes which these gave advance to, thither are no differences in the torso. Major components, brakes and reprieve but were altered to the higher load, but differently were interpreted virtually unaltered from the Ginmill.
The guard touchstone achieved in the Taproom besides was adoptive as lots as potential for the Demesne models by the pattern engineers. Particularly, the modish findings of prophylactic explore entered into the growth of the arse personify beetle, an specially vital part in waggon behind ends. One model is the fire tankful, which for pattern reasons is suspended underneath the fomite level in the Estates. It was tending a extra conformation with aslant faces on the upside of the tankful and the fomite coldcock. This ensures that in a rear-end hit involving contortion of the slope members the tankful is pushed pile and off, but held by deterrent straps so that it does not hob the route airfoil.
1988 Mercedes-Benz E-Class Estate
High-strength rag blade and early weight-reducing materials already were put-upon in the press models of the 201 serial. In the 124 serial, disdain whippersnapper expression the Mercedes-Benz engineers foster improved the fomite rubber fetching the 201 serial and serial 126 S-Class as benchmarks. The rider compartment of the 124 serial is magisterial by gamey face gremlin and rollover opposition and is provided with cunning distortion zones in the forepart and in the arse. The standard of an asymmetrical facade hit with 40 pct lap at a speeding of 55 km/h now too was met by the Saloons of the intercede serial. In add-on, potential areas of link were intentional to yid on elf to protect pedestrians and cyclists.
Individualist with family styling features
The invention of the 124 serial shows a phratry semblance to the contract models. Altogether, yet, the new modeling serial presented itself with fencesitter pattern elements which had a working ground and were ill-used first. Bruno Sacco, Joseph Gallitzendörfer and Dick Pfeiffer were responsible this excogitation. The conformation of the bum both of the Pothouse and the Demesne had an peculiarly golden consequence on cart resistor and was the intersection of farting burrow examination. Streamlined optimization measures resulted in a trenchant decrease in fire uptake versus the retiring simulation.
The often littler Cd bod produced by the trunk innovation, as compared with the forerunner, brought a major melioration supra dead fire ingestion. Compared with the Land modeling with the intragroup appointment S 123 the Cd was rock-bottom from 0.42 to ‘tween 0.34 and 0.35, contingent locomotive.
An at get-go flock invisible, but unusually groundbreaking designing item is the eccentric-sweep bird’s-eye wiper. It wipes 86 pct of the windshield – the biggest swept expanse of any car in the reality at the meter of the entry of the 124 serial. Outstanding to a lifting gesture overlying on the rotation, the amphetamine corners of the windshield could be wiped far more expeditiously than with a ceremonious single-arm wiper. Electrically het windshield washer nozzles were portion of the stock equipment of all models of the serial.
Chassis and engines
The figurehead and back dangling designs comrade from the contract models work salient manipulation qualities. They admit a cushion prance free-lance forepart hanging with anti-dive ascendancy, situated by somebody wishbones, and a multi-link autonomous behind abatement with apiece backside bicycle situated by pentad break links and struts. The behind axle of the Acres models has hydropneumatic layer controller as measure.
The pilot Acres example scope in the 124 serial comprises heptad models with unlike engines. The OM 601 of the 200 TD (53 kW) besides powered the compress manakin 190 D with the like outturn. Otc diesel models were the 250 TD (OM 602, 2.5 litres translation, 66 kW) and the 300 TD with a three-litre six-cylinder (OM 603, 80 kW). In the 300 TD Turbo the 105 kW three-litre six-cylinder turbodiesel locomotive OM 603 A had its launching; the Mercedes-Benz engineers highly-developed it from the course aspirated locomotive of the Ginmill. The Estates with gasoline locomotive were the four-cylinder models 200 T (80 kW) and 230 TE (100 kW) and the six-cylinder 300 TE (138 kW).
1985: 4MATIC is all-wheel-drive culture at Mercedes-Benz level
Simultaneously with the Land models Stuttgart introduced the mechanically booked four-wheel-drive arrangement 4MATIC as a contribution of the “Mercedes-Benz Impulsive Kinetics Conception”. This all-wheel-drive scheme was useable for the six-cylinder models of the 124 serial; in the Demesne family the 300 TE 4MATIC and 300 TD Turbo 4MATIC could be had. Asunder from the composite restraint electronics the 4MATIC features a ended extra front-wheel effort with conveyance vitrine and derivative, with the latter merged in the oil cesspit because of the instalment constraints in the locomotive compartment.
The heights technological edification of this perfected grip controller organisation showed in the marketing cost: the 4MATIC models, whose bringing commenced in 1987, were most 12,000 deutschmarks more expensive than their rear-wheel effort counterparts. In increase to the mechanically busy four-wheel-drive scheme 4MATIC the “Mercedes-Benz Drive Kinetics Construct” included the robotlike lockup derivative and the speedup slew ascendance ASR. So therein software Mercedes-Benz all offered leash calibrated, electronic, automatonlike treatment kinetics systems, all of which secondhand the signals of the anti-lock braking arrangement.
1986: Catalytic converter as standard in all Mercedes cars
As other as September 1985, for all petrol-engined models of the serial demur the carburettor-equipped 200 example a closed-loop expelling restraint arrangement with tripartite catalytic convertor was usable as an optional spare. Instead a supposed accelerator retrofit rendering could be had in which the fomite was provided without catalytic convertor and o detector, but with the multifunctional commixture training and ignition (MF organization). This permitted retrofitting a fomite with a closed-loop catalytic convertor at any metre and without any problems. This system gave the client the sterling potential tractableness in deciding the meter of changeover. In the Eighties that was a considerable reward, as the add of leadless fire was not yet ensured everyplace. The six-cylinder models were delivered in the accelerator retrofit variant as criterion. Their outturn was somewhat decreased by the variety to the MF scheme. In the models with the 2.3-litre locomotive the accelerator retrofit pick alone was usable as an duplicate at get-go.
From September 1986 on the carburetor modeling too was uncommitted with emanation mastery arrangement. At that item the closed-loop catalytic convertor was measure equipment for all Mercedes-Benz car models with gasoline engines. The retrofit vehicles now sole were useable as an optional spare (with an reserve step-down in cost). This offering was discontinued in Grand 1989.
As had been the exercise for decades in the arbitrate reach of Mercedes-Benz, part embodied bod too were uncommitted in the 124 serial. They were made into ambulances, hearses or over-the-counter exceptional versions by domesticated and alien bodybuilders. New was that first these form were based on the Estates and were manufactured collectively them in Bremen. On with the standard-wheelbase version, usable as 250 D and 230 E, additionally thither was again a long-wheelbase interpretation offered as 250 D, 230 E and 260 E. Ambulance bodies on these form originated principally at Binz in Lorch, Miesen in Bonn and Visser in Leeuwarden, Netherlands. The best-known manufacturers of 124-based hearses included bodybuilders Pollmann in Bremen, Rappold in Wülfrath, Stolle in Hanover and Welsch in Mayen.
1988: Cleaner turbodiesels
Another Land exemplar followed in September 1988 at the Paris Centrifugal Prove, the 200 TE (90 kW) with the proved two-litre injectant locomotive of the 190 E. Over-the-counter changes touching the Estates from September 1988 on implicated the turbocharged diesel of the 300 TD Turbo and 300 TD Turbo 4MATIC models and emphasized the reducing of particulate emissions done improvements to the burning operation. This documentary was achieved by victimization a fresh intentional prechamber featuring devious fire shot, which ensured more effective burning. A pleasant fallout of the new diesel engineering was a 2.9 kW step-up in outturn.
In September 1988 all models of the serial had their criterion equipment lengthy. It now included the anti-lock braking arrangement ABS and a het nearside outside mirror. On this function the windshield washables organisation adoptive from the S-Class was fitted with a het washer source and het nozzles and hoses.
1989: The Diesel ’89 initiative
As office of the “Diesel ’89” opening, in February 1989 the non-turbocharged diesel cars too were furnished with revised engines and likewise got the new devious shot prechambers. In the course aspirated engines, too, the new diesel engineering resulted in an addition in production, 2.2 kW in the 200 TD and 2.9 kW in the 250 TD and 300 TD. In add-on, the injectant pumps of all course aspirated diesel engines got an alt chastening whole to understate emissions operating at higher altitudes. The improved models, whose particulate emissions declined by 40 percentage, met the tight particulate limits applicable in the USA level without a particulate hole and operated nearly totally smoke-free. Pollutant emissions were rock-bottom quieten foster with the aid of a composite expelling ascendancy arrangement in which an oxidising catalytic convertor specifically highly-developed for diesel engines was combined with a cautiously co-ordinated discharge gas recirculation procedure. This rattling effective organisation was uncommitted as an optional supererogatory from October 1990 for diesel cars with course aspirated engines, and six months subsequently besides for the models with turbocharged engines.
1989: Facelift for the intermediate class
In September 1989 at the Frankfurt External Centrifugal Appearance Mercedes-Benz showed a altogether revised intermediate-class simulation compass. The modeling refinements focused on changes to the styling of the trunk and the redesign of the upcountry. The nearly blatant lineament of the facelifted models was the position rub strips with built-in position skirts, which the Coupé models had standard in standardized manikin two-and-a-half eld before. At the speed edges of the incline skirts, specialise dressed stainless cut strips additionally now were fitted and continued on the first-rate of the strawman and backside aprons. In a circumspect mannikin they brought rachis that frequently lost trace of scintillation chromium-plate later a farseeing menses of abstention. They were complemented with chromium-plate passementerie elements on the doorway handles and changed bike embellishers in which the Mercedes ace and a contract reduce mob on the circuit too were chrome-plated. Another new characteristic were outside mirror housings multi-colour the colouration of the car. The internal too presented itself in a new conception offer improved breast and ass seating and legion improvements to details.
For all serial 124 models with the elision of the 4MATIC variants, from September on the Sportline bundle associate from the Contract Form models likewise was usable as an optional additional. Extraneous features were the sports hiatus with wide-base tyres sizing 205/60 R 15 on 7 J x 15 light-alloy or brand rims and a clearly lower-slung trunk. The over-the-counter appointments of the bundle included stiffer springs and blow absorbers on with limited inner appointments with a leather-covered wheel and gearstick prize too as single breast and ass seating.
Four-valve-per-cylinder technology in series 124
The revised serial 124 exemplar reach offered pentad all new models likewise, including the 300 TE-24 with a four-valve-per-cylinder three-litre six-cylinder locomotive and varying inhalation camshaft. The whole came from the 300 SL-24 sports car. Outstanding to the dissimilar installing weather, nonetheless, in the average serial it was not potential to use the like catalytic convertor cross-sectional as in the SL. For this intellect the rated production of 162 kW was 8.1 kW glower than in the sports car (170 kW).
In June 1992 the 2,000,000th fomite of the 124 serial involute off the line. Fair a few weeks subsequently the mediate family again got a major rhytidoplasty. This meter Mercedes-Benz saturated on the locomotive and appointments. The petrol-powered models presented themselves with a soundly revised locomotive compass, wholly born-again to four-valve-per-cylinder engineering and, in the 2.2-litre whole, to match smash camshafts with a varying uptake camshaft. The four-cylinder units with two and 2.2 litres shift in the 200 TE (100 kW) and 220 TE (110 kW) were from the M 111 serial. The new engines were grand by increased production and higher torsion ended the stallion locomotive fastness stove; still, they had lour fire use. Due to an step-up in the bulk of the catalytic convertor the pollutant emissions besides were rock-bottom.
As successors to the two-valve-per-cylinder six-cylinder whole and the three-litre four-valve whole, four-valve-per-cylinder engines with displacements of 2.8 and 3.2 litres now powered the 280 TE (145 kW) and 320 TE (162 kW). These engines, similar the old three-litre four-valve whole, belong the M 104 serial, but suffer a changed bore-to-stroke proportion. All four- and six-cylinders now had the like calibre. This facilitated flexile, economic industry. The new 2.8-litre locomotive surpassed the proved two-valve-per-cylinder engines of the M 103 exemplar folk in ability and torsion without overwhelming more fire. In the 3.2-litre version, which was already providing goodness avail in the S-Class, the rated outturn was the like as that of the old three-litre four-valve whole, but it was reached at an before spot. Contempt the obvious advantages of the new powerhouse, the three-litre locomotive remained in the stove for the nonce to exponent the 4MATIC models and the Cabriolet.
Apart from the new petrol engine range, the model refinements included distinctly upgraded standard appointments for all models of the intermediate class. Airbag, central locking and electrically adjustable exterior mirrors on both sides were part of the standard specifications from October 1992 on. In addition, the four-cylinder models, too, were equipped with a five-speed transmission at no extra charge.
1993: Four-valve-per-cylinder diesel
As world first, in 1993 the four-valve-per-cylinder technology found its way into the diesel models as well. The new technology guarantees not only enhanced torque and power over a substantially larger engine speed range, but even cuts full-load fuel consumption by as much as eight percent. On top of that the optimised combustion process slashed particulate emissions in the exhaust gas by around 30 percent. Mercedes-Benz only changed the five- and six-cylinder naturally aspirated engines to the four-valve system, the two-litre four-cylinder and the two turbocharged engines retained the two-valve-per-cylinder configuration. Fresh-air intake in the four-valve diesel models was effected by means of five louvres on the right front wing, as was already the case in the turbocharged variants. To further improve environmental compatibility, from June 1993 on all diesel models of the 124 series were fitted as standard with exhaust gas recirculation and oxidising catalytic converter.
As part of the model refinements, finer points of the 2.8-litre six-cylinder engine of the 280 TE once again were changed. But this time it was not mainly a question of new technology. Instead the rated output was reduced by three kW to 142 kW to give the model a better third-party insurance classification in Germany.
From June 1993 on the Mercedes-Benz designers revised the bodies of all series 124 models, updating them stylistically and adapting them to the other model series. The most striking feature of the modified vehicles was the radiator grille, which was redesigned after the S-Class. This so-called integrated radiator features a much narrower chrome surround compared with the previous design, and the Mercedes star sat on the bonnet, as in the S-Class Saloons. The light units also were changed: colourless glass covers on the front direction indicators and bichromatic covers on the tail lights.
Changes also were made to the shape of the boot lid, to the wheels and to the bumpers. Among other things, the steel disc wheels got new hub caps in a six-hole design, and the protective mouldings on the bumpers now were painted the colour of the other detachable parts. In addition, the protective strip on the rear bumper was extended to the wheel cut-outs.
From the intermediate class to the E-Class
With the start of the sale of the redesigned models, in June 1993 a new nomenclature came into effect for the 124 series. In analogy to the S-Class and the new C-Class the intermediate class now was called the E-Class. The model designations, too, now followed a modified system in which letters documented that a car belonged to a certain class. The letter(s) were followed by a three-digit number which still was based on engine displacement. The formerly customary E as suffix indicating a petrol engine with fuel injection might have caused confusion, but this abbreviation could be dropped since there were no more carburettor engines in the range. For the future, Mercedes dispensed with codifying body variants like the coupé and estate, which were obvious anyway.
In the case of the diesel-engined models, a postpositive “Diesel” or “Turbodiesel” replaced the previous letter symbols. Applying the new rules, the Estate model 300 TD, for example, got the designation “E 300 Diesel”. However, the “DIESEL” signage on the right of the boot lid could be omitted on request, as could model plates in general.
An aura of greater sportiness was spread by the new Estate model E 36 AMG, which the “corporate tuners” offered with the M 104 3.6-litre six-cylinder and which likewise came out on the market in 1993. Its output was 200 kW at 5750 rpm.
Taking leave of the first E-Class
In June 1995, two years after the last extensive facelift, Mercedes-Benz introduced the E-Class Saloons of series 210, the successor to the 124 series. Production of the 124 series Saloons ended a short time later, between June and August 1995 depending on model. The Estate continued to be built until 1996. All in all, in the eleven-year-plus production period 340,503 Estates and 6398 chassis for special bodies were manufactured, for a total of 346,901 vehicles – not much compared with the 2,213,167 Saloons, but enough to give the Estate variant of the mid-range Mercedes-Benz a lasting place in the automotive world.