1979 Volkswagen Golf Cabriolet
Volkswagen Golf Cabriolet
The offset Golf began product in 1974. Marketed in the Joined States and Canada from 1975 to 1984 as the Volkswagen Cony and in Latin America as the Volkswagen Pirana, it featured the water-cooled, figurehead pedal driving conception pioneered by the Citroën Grip Avant in 1934 with the improver of a hatchback pioneered by the Renault 4 in 1961. The Golf was Wheels mag’s Car of the Yr for 1975. The figure is myopic for Golf-Strom, German for Disconnection Pullulate; it was named for that pelagic stream to mull its external fiber. It was earlier named the Coney in Northerly America and the Pirana in Latin America, ironically, because marketers distinct that no one in the Occident would read the European discover.
Piece the Golf was not the beginning innovation with this layout (earliest examples organism the Austin and Morris Miniskirt of 1959, the Austin Maxi in the former Sixties and the Edict 128 3P of the betimes Seventies), it was identical successful, specially since it matrimonial these features with Volkswagen’s report for whole build-quality and honest technology.
The Golf was intentional by Italian machine designer / decorator Giorgetto Giugiaro, of the ItalDesign innovation studio. A adaptation of this archetype Golf manakin, known as the Volkswagen CitiGolf, is distillery produced in S Africa as an entering floor car.
In 1978, Volkswagen commenced producing the Lapin variant of the Mk1 Golf in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, so seemly the offset European automaker in mod multiplication to develop a fomite in the Joined States. Old Chevrolet administrator James McLernon was elect to run the mill, which was reinforced to frown the be of the Lapin in Northwards America by producing it topically. Regrettably, McLernon tested to “Americanize” the Lapin by emollient the dangling and victimization cheaper materials for the home. VW purists in America and accompany executives in Germany were displeased, and for the 1983 simulation twelvemonth the Pennsylvania imbed went cover to victimization stiffer shocks and reprieve with higher-quality inner passementerie. The works likewise began producing the GTI for the Northwards American marketplace. (Rabbits were reinforced in Pennsylvania done 1984.) The kickoff VW Caddie pick-up, based on the Mk1 Golf, was too created at the Pennsylvania imbed.
The GTI variation, launched in Europe in 1976 and in the US in 1983, most created the hot cover genre nightlong, and many over-the-counter manufacturers since let created peculiar sports models of their even book merchandising modest hatchbacks. It was one of the beginning minor cars to dramatise fire shot for its sports edition, which elevated mightiness turnout of the 1588 cc locomotive to 110 PS (81 kW/108 hp). In 2004, Sports Car External proclaimed the GTI Mk I as the 3rd topper car of the Eighties. In the Joined States, the Mk1 Golf GTI was known as the Coney GTI.
Thither was a fry rhytidectomy in 1980 for Northwards American versions just, which saw the acceptance of bigger taillight clusters (more in cable with Guigiaro’s master concepts), bigger bumpers, straight headlights and a new splashboard with a more modern-looking instrumentate show.
The transmutable adaptation, named the Cab, was sold from 1980 to 1993 (a transformable edition of the Golf II was not made, so the Mk1 cabrio with slender qualifying was produced until the foundation of the Mk III cabrio). It had a built torso, transversal paradiddle bar, and a eminent grade of reduce. The A1 Volkswagen transmutable is of unibody expression reinforced all at the manufactory of Karmann, from stamping to last assemblage; Volkswagen supplied the locomotive, abeyance, internal, etcetera. for Karmann to establish. The vinyl a-one were insulated and manually operated, with a methamphetamine ass windowpane.
As of 2006, Volkswagen of S Africa lull manufactures two beginning coevals Golfs, the four-door “Citi” Golf and the “Getaway”.
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