1963 Renault 4 Parisienne
Renault 4 Parisienne
The Renault 4, a.k.a. the 4L (marked “Quatrelle”, which could be heard as “4 wings” in French), is a supermini produced by the French auotmaker Renault ‘tween 1961 and 1993. It was the get-go front-wheel driving Renault.
The Renault 4 was Renault’s reception to the 1948 Citroën 2CV. Renault was able-bodied to inspection the plusses and minuses of the 2CV figure and scrape with a bigger, more urban fomite. In the bound of 1956, Renault Chair Pierre Dreyfus launched this new externalize: design a new modelling to interchange the ass engined 4CV that would get an everyman’s car, open of cheering the necessarily of anybody. It would be a kinfolk car, a charwoman’s car, a sodbuster’s car, a metropolis car. It would too be suited for motorists some the mankind.
The output Renault 4 was lastly revealed at the Paris Salon de l’Motorcar in 1961, in the L reading (L for Deluxe), thence the democratic epithet 4L.
Betimes versions secondhand engines and transmissions from the Renault 4CV. The initial transmittal was a 3-speed manual, an disused sport when compared to the four-speed manual of the thirteen-year old Citroën 2CV. Different the 4CV, which was a total monocoque, the R4 personify was bolted on to a frame. Withal, the torso had a geomorphologic purpose and the figure could twirl if the torso was remote without right shore. This semi-monocoque expression would afterwards appropriate Renault to body-build former models on the R4 chopine comparable the Renault 6 and the successful Renault 5. The R4 had four-wheeled free-lance respite. A surprising, yet oftentimes unnoticed, boast on the R4 is its shorter wheelbase on the remaining than on the rightfield. This allowed a selfsame dim-witted invention of the ass hanging victimisation transversal contortion bars, and didn’t dissemble the manipulation of the car. The battlefront tortuousness bars were longitudinal. During its yield run it was regarded as an waggon but in review roughly now say the Renault 4 pioneered the hatchback eubstance flair, and is consequently substantial in the account of car innovation. It was not the get-go, nonetheless, to enclose a top-hinged single-unit tailboard, which is one of the distinguishing features of the hatchback torso dash: the 1954 Citroën Grip Avant likewise included this institution, spell the originally Aston Martin DB2/4 Mk1 of 1953 besides had a belittled top-hinged tailboard.
1963 Renault 4 Parisienne
Piece ne’er achieving the like oddment entreaty as the Citroën 2CV, the R4 was the well-nigh successful French car ever, with 8 meg units existence produced ‘tween 1961 and 1993. RHD mart sales of the 4 Saloon complete in 1985, but LHD yield and European sales continued until 1993, when the R4 was last shelved.
In Colombia, the car was one of the virtually sold, and remained in the store of many colombians, the car was nicknamed “Amigo fiel” (Close ally). The car was manufactured in the SOFASA works in Envigado (a metropolis approach Medellín) from 1970 to 1992.
Though the Renault 4 had a hanker product run, growing of the conception was special – it ne’er changed sizing or bod. The engines were importantly bigger than the modest 425 cc locomotive in the 2CV. The R4 constantly had a four-cylinder watercooled locomotive. The pilot locomotive’s capacitance of 782 cc was increased to 845 cc from 1963 forrader. In 1978, a new 1108 cc locomotive was introduced, a littler adaptation (956 cc) of which replaced the 845 cc locomotive in 1986. Chromium-plate shave was finally phased out on all models and al grilles were replaced with fictile items. Thither were tercet unlike dashboards, all of which were unproblematic in innovation. Changes to the soundbox panels amounted to cipher more a slenderly adapted cap and hinge alterations.
Scorn the fugitive winner of the Renault 4, or perchance as a outcome of it, Renault directed lots of exploit into underdeveloped its little cars. They intentional the Renault 6 and the Renault 5 piece the Renault 4 was hush merchandising highly easily. Approximately criticised this at the sentence, but the Renault 5 competed in a dissimilar sphere (3-door supermini). The Renault 4 is hence a nosepiece betwixt the diminished substitute fomite (2CV) and the supermini designing (R5, Peugeot 205).
The Renault 4 remained an passing introductory car end-to-end its liveliness, and evolution ne’er prolonged to fashioning the pattern any less simpleton or austere. Nevertheless, in spitefulness of its introductory pattern, the Renault 4 had an passing easy bait, due to well-designed abeyance (which lent the Renault 4 a softer, more runny razz than many bodoni cars) and a inhabitable midland due to prosperous seating, brawny fastball and efficient breathing. Withal, the windows lacked wandering mechanisms and rather put-upon sliding mechanisms. To about this gave the Renault 4 role, but to many others it was good irritating and a tell-tale signal of the age of the excogitation.
Another contingent which made the Renault 4 unlike from over-the-counter cars was the shifter, which was on the splashboard. This was an efficacious agency of creating a matted story, victimisation a dim-witted conception borrowed from the 2CV. It passed ended the longitudinal locomotive and clutches to the gearbox at the figurehead. Though unlawful and criticised by cautious motoring journalists, the dash-mounted gearstick was sluttish to use and remaining more national quad dislodge.
Thither were many dissimilar ‘peculiar variant’ Renault 4s. Roughly (including the Campaign, Mid-sixties and Jogging) were sold in peculiar colouring schemes, upholstery and early details, patch others (Kindred, Savane) were genuinely nada more touchstone models with decals.
Thither were likewise extra models which were not entirely a selling workout, such as the Renault 4 Sinpar 4×4, the Plein Air, a pickup, LPG versions and galvanic versions.
In 1978, the R4 GTL arrived. It had the 1108cc locomotive from the Renault 6 TL, albeit with the functioning decreased for improve thriftiness, and larger tympan brakes. The GTL was identifiable by its gray-headed battlefront grillwork, gray-headed bumpers, and gray-headed gumshoe strips on the bottoms of the doors. It too had an additional air aspiration under the forepart lattice (as a solvent, the enrollment shell was affected polish to the bumper), and 12 edge wiper blades rather of the master 10 edge ones. Inwardly, thither was a limited fascia and fabric seating.
Thither was likewise a jury van variant of the R4, which with its “gamey dice” bodyshell became the idiosyncratic French “Boulangerie” van. For many days, this was sure the near successful fomite of its eccentric and for many masses it represents their thought of a Renault 4 more the rider variant. It remained on sale in Europe until 1993 and was replaced by the Renault Verbalise, based on the R5.
End of the R4
Though reasons such as emissions and refuge lawmaking are frequently granted for the Renault 4’s death, its popularity would not let lasted anyhow. Ex yield methods, more innovative contention and the reasons defined supra meant that the Renault 4’s years were numbered, leastways as a mainstream intersection. Anyhow, projects to interchange the Renault 4 had been in evolution since the former 1970s. Still, the chronic achiever of the Renault 4, the want to supplant the Renault 5, the difficulties advent up with a desirable replacing (and the theme that the Renault 4’s grocery would die with it) all meant that the Renault 4’s permutation did not look until 22 geezerhood ulterior. When the Renault 4 last went out of product in the other 1890s, a retrospective serial of ten black-and-white photographs by Thierry des Ouches was promulgated in Libération in betimes December 1992. This serial afterwards won kickoff pillage from Le Golf-club des Directeur Artistiques in the family of day-after-day paper. It was likewise present the lion d’or at the Cannes External Advertisement Fete.
To convey Renault 4 yield to an end, a serial of the conclusion G Renault 4 “Good-by” was released, apiece with a numbered brass numeration polish to the close.
In 2003, a Japanese car alteration troupe called DAMD came up with a invention called the Ancel Rabbit, which could transmute a Suzuki Rabbit into a Renault 4 lookalike.
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