1937 Fiat 508 C Balilla 1100

Fiat 508 C Balilla 1100

The 508 Balilla was a compact intentional and highly-developed by Rescript in 1932. It is efficaciously the substitute of the Edict 509, although yield of the sooner manakin had ceased backrest in 1929. It had a three-speed infection (increased to foursome in 1934), sitting four-spot, and had a top speeding of almost 50 mph (80 km/h). It sold for 10,800 lire (or 8,300 2005 euro). Almost 113,000 were produced.

The car was likewise assembled by Walter Motors a.s. in Czechoslovakia, in the Centralne Warsztaty Samochodowe mill in Poland, by NSU-Fiat in Germany and by “SAFAF” (rebranded in 1934 as “Simca-Fiat”) in France.

Background

1937 Fiat 508 C Balilla 1100

The car was highly-developed by around of the starring Italian self-propelling engineers of the day, including Nebbia, Fessia, Giacosa and Tranquillo Zerbi. The destination was to integrated roughly of the qualities of a gamy family motorcar into a modestly priced fomite. The car had its entry on 12 April 1932 at a motive demonstrate beingness held on the Fiera Milano patronage comely situation.

Fiats 508A (1932 – 1934) and 508B (1934 – 1937)

The low 508 came with a movement mounted quadruplet cylinder gas/gasline side-valve locomotive of 995cc. Utmost superpower was listed as 20 hp (15 kW) at 3500 rpm, providing for a top fastness of roughly 80 km/h (50 mph). Powerfulness passed to the ass wheels done a 3-speed manual gearbox without the help of synchromesh on any of the ratios. Fillet superpower was provided by barrel brakes on all quartet wheels.

At the end of 1933 exponent was increased to 24 hp (18 kW) at 3500 rpm, and the maximal speeding went capable 85 km/h (53 mph). Transmittance was upgraded to a 4 amphetamine gearbox. For 1934 the car now came with a slimly more streamlined look “berlina” (pub/saloon) eubstance, usable with either two or quartet doors. This variation was identified as the Order 508B, and the archetype 1932 exemplar was now, retrospectively, became the Decree 508A.

1937 Fiat 508 C Balilla 1100

1937 Fiat 508 C Balilla 1100

Engines

1937 Fiat 508 C Balilla 1100

The Rescript 508 was fitted with a 995 cc slope valve locomotive.

Berlina

The outset 508A, introduced in 1932, was a 2-door “Berlina” (pub/saloon) with four-spot seating and a trey velocity “clangor” gearbox. The movement seating could be slid forward and the backrests leaning in gild to alleviate accession to the backbone behind in what was a comparatively modest car. Remarkably, the windows in the doors could be lesion devour by turn a starter hold fitted to the threshold, piece the windshield was hinged at the top and could be open, piece two windshield wipers were powered by their own galvanic centrifugal, positioned privileged good supra the windshield. The internal victimised gumshoe mats patch the seating were material covered. Accessories offered included a dash-mounted rear-view mirror, an inside sparkle mounted on the kernel of the ceiling and an outwardly mounted baggage chopine at the backbone which, when specified, came with the unembellished rack repositioned to a climbing pointedness unofficially of the car ‘tween the left-side doorway and the battlefront annex. A “Lusso” (“luxe”) variant too featured a ameliorate typewrite of fabric cover for the seating also as redundant burnished sour approximately the lights, movement wicket, wheels and doorway handles.

With the 508B, introduced former in 1934, the torso was described as “more streamlined” although from the view of posterior developments in car styling, the 508B silence followed the preferably box-shaped lines associated with chinchy cars from the other Thirties. The gearbox was upgraded, now offer quadruplet ahead speeds, and spell the a 2-door “Berlina” remained on crack for a few more months, a 4-door “Berlina” was now added. In June of the like yr the 2-door “Berlina” was delisted for Italy and thither was a encourage lift for the 4-door incarnate car, which now standard a limited presence grill and a windshield, antecedently perpendicular, that was somewhat raked, hinting at the more sweeping styling changes that would company the show in 1937 of the 508C reading of the car. Criterion and “Lusso” versions of the 4-door “Berlina” were both offered.

Spider

The 508 “Wanderer” was a modest 2-door 2-seater cab corporal car. The driver and rider sat next, but the driver’s bum was rigid a few centimetres promote backrest than the rider arse. On the Wanderer the buns coverings were made from leather. The car was uncommitted in both stock and “Lusso” (“deluxe”) versions. The windshield could be folded consume and the obliterable textile bonnet could be stored in a appropriately wrought warehousing bag provided for the function. The betimes “Wanderer” came with the like three-speed “no-synchromesh” gear-box as the “Berlina”. Nevertheless, it benefited automatically from the 1934 acclivity, shift to a four-speed transmitting. In the showcase of the “Wanderer”, notwithstanding, the 1934 advance was not attended by any commute to the trunk cast.

1937 Fiat 508 C Balilla 1100

Torpedo

A “Hero” corporal 508 was added to the grasp in 1933, with four-spot seating and four-spot doors, and in 1933 distillery with the 3-speed “clang” gear-box. It was offered solitary with the “Lusso” (“luxe”) fixings. As on the “Wanderer”, ass covers and upcountry fixings victimised colorful leather. The windshield pillars and threshold hinges were chromium-plate plated, and the obliterable textile cowl could be stored in a appropriately wrought memory bag provided for the function. The raise to a iv velocity infection in 1934 was not attended by any aesthetical changes to the “Hoagy” bodywork.

1937 Fiat 508 C Balilla 1100

The Italian military was dynamic in Tripolitania (now known as Libya) during this menses, and a extra “Hoagie Coloniale” was produced, communion the features of the even 508 Hoagie, but this car came with wider tyres and was multi-colour the colouring of gumption.

Spider Sport

A frown sleeker anatomy than the “Wanderer”, styling for the 2-seater “Wanderer Mutant” included a typical ass discussion which attracted the catch-phrase “louse stern”, intentional in 1933 by Ghia and aforesaid to birth been divine by pocket-sized runabout corporal English cars of the stop. The betimes “Wanderer Sportsman” models came with the like smash gearbox as the otc cars, but the locomotive was fed by a particular carburettor, which with its embossed densification proportion of 7:1 gave raise to a uttermost production listed as 30 hp (22 kW) at 4,000 rpm. The last crusade proportion was likewise neutered, and top swiftness went capable 110 km/h (69 mph). Order 508s with this somatotype were assembled by Decree in Italy, and were too included in the output schedules of Decree affiliates/subsidiaries Germany, France and Czechoslovakia. Respective pocket-size plate enhanced versions appeared including, perhaps about notably, the Decree 508S, known as the “Decree 508 Coppa d’Oro” (“Golden Cup”), particularly prized by collectors 75 age posterior. The “Wanderer Mutant” standard the transmittance raise to 4 speeds in 1934 conjointly a extra smash valves (at a sentence when otc 508 variants silence came with a face valve locomotive) and early technological enhancements which pushed the mightiness capable 36 hp (27 kW). The about dissipated versions advertised their operation aspirations with a more steeply tapering Poop department

Coupé

Launched in 1935, the “Putsché” corporal 508 (likewise sometimes known as the “Berlinetta Mille Miglia”) divided its mechanical elements, including the more sinewy 108CS locomotive, with the “Wanderer Play”. The consistence was a 2-seater streamlined Berlinetta, intended for challenger use in colder climates such as those encountered in Northerly Italy during the “Mille Miglia” (so run in previous Overwinter). The Putsché may suffer been heater in frigidity brave than the Wanderer Athletics, but it was likewise heavier: competitor succeeder proven knotty.

Van

A commercial-grade edition of the Balilla was offered, both as a jury van or as a diminished flat-bed motortruck, with a 350 kg shipment capability, based initially on the 3-speed 508A and afterwards the 4-speed 508B.

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