2016 Audi A4

Audi A4

The new-generation Audi A4 and A4 Avant are a absorbing deduction of engineering and aesthetics. All the engineering in the sword’s bestselling category has been redeveloped so that it yet again defines the benchmark in the section. During the growing exercise, mellow precedence was set on the decrease of CO2 emissions. All technologies were focussed on reduction driving impedance.

A exemplar is aeromechanics: The A4 Saloon has the topper puff coefficient in its grade at 0.23. The new models too suffer imposingly low CO2 emissions of 95 grams per klick (152.9 grams per knot) for the A4 Saloon 2.0 TDI extremist with 110 kW (150 hp); the A4 Avant 2.0 TDI extremist emits 99 grams CO2 per km (159.3 g/mi). The 2.0 TFSI with 140 kW (190 hp) emits 109 g/km (175.4 g/mi) in the A4 Saloon extremist and 114 g/km (183.5 g/mi) in the A 4 Avant radical. The near potent engines are two TDI six-cylinder units with capable 200 kW (272 hp). Driver help systems and documentary are of sumptuousness character. A new propagation of four-cylinder TFSI engines with fresh highly-developed burning methods sets benchmarks in price of fire phthisis, emissions and operation for four-cylinder petrol engines. The A4 Saloon and the A4 Avant testament be launched this spill.

At 4.73 meters (15.5 ft) longsighted and with a wheelbase of 2.82 meters (9.3 ft) – the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant bear a surefooted position on the route. A outstanding horizontal occupation on the breast and bottom emphasizes the car’s breadth. The streamlined pattern with concise lines communicates the gaudy elegance of the steel. The Singleframe lattice is all-inclusive and low; the optionally uncommitted headlights in LED and Matrix LED engineering (including active routine indicators) piddle engineering a ocular brand.

2016 Audi A4

Up to 120 kilograms (264.6 lb) lighter

Compared with the former manakin, the car’s dimensions birth grownup but its weighting has been rock-bottom importantly – by capable 120 kilograms, contingent the locomotive. The consistency of the new Audi models is one of the lightest in its year thanks to an level-headed textile mix and whippersnapper structure.

The Audi A4 is a leader in its grade besides in price of racket levels. All occupants bask generous blank; the quiet lines punctuate the breadth of the home. The forepart of the splasher features a all-encompassing stripe of air outlets and a heavy cosmetic aerofoil. At nighttime, optional discerning configuration kindling illuminates the doors and the exchange cabinet. The caliber of craftsmanship is uncompromisingly high-pitched. Colours and materials pursue a new demarcation conception allowing customers eve more exemption during form.

Sensor-controlled opening of luggage compartment: the A4 Avant

The trunk of the new A4 Avant offers introductory depot quad of 505 liters, which is the near of any agio manakin therein year. With the bottom seating folded kill and crocked to the ceiling, a mass of 1,510 liters is useable. The galvanizing trunk concealment and galvanising tailboard are criterion equipment. An optional spare is detector ascendance for porta and windup the tailboard.

The two new models fling an copiousness of reasoning technologies, the use of which is level more visceral with the new Audi MMI show and restraint construct. Technical highlights of the new A4 admit the Audi practical cockpit, the Audi Matrix LED headlights, the Audi smartphone port, the Hit & Olufsen Phone Organization with 3D strait, the Audi call box with radio charging, the head-up presentation, and new driver aid systems and Audi unite services.

Information and fascination: the Audi virtual cockpit and the MMI

The nidus hither is on two innovations. The optional Audi practical cockpit, a full digital compounding instrumentate, features a 12.3-inch LCD filmdom that displays the about significant info in brainy high-resolution art, with heavy particular and advanced effects.

The MMI controller conception in the mall soothe is too a fresh intentional sport and acts as the principal ascendancy factor. The top-end documentary arrangement, MMI Piloting addition with MMI signature and a enceinte 8.3-inch admonisher, has a touchpad in the circular restrainer to soar in and out and to insert characters. The intact MMI mastery logic is exchangeable thereto of a smartphone and includes an healthy free-text hunting part. The new, more instinctive, voice-control organisation likewise understands remark in pattern quotidian nomenclature, such as “I wishing to cry Prick Miller.”

Concentrated computing power

MMI Pilotage addition is backed by the calculation powerfulness of the second-generation modular docudrama program, which allows Audi to convey consumer electronics innovations into the fomite promptly.

If customers fiat a car with MMI Sailing asset, they mechanically find the Audi relate ironware faculty, which connects the A4 and A4 Avant with the Net via the high-velocity LTE net. Passengers can breakers the Cyberspace and post and get email with their wandering devices via a Wi-Fi hotspot patch the driver can use the bespoken services of Audi link.

The Audi smartphone port is a new sport. It integrates iOS and Humanoid roving phones into an surround highly-developed specially for this intent – Audi MMI. The Audi headphone box connects smartphones to the on-board aerial and charges them inductively according to the Qi criterion. For discreet how-do-you-do fans, the Strike & Olufsen Fathom Scheme with groundbreaking 3D phone is uncommitted, which introduces the extra property of stature. The new Audi pill can besides be exploited as compromising backside behind amusement.

Powerful six and four-cylinder engines

The new Audi A4 and A4 Avant bequeath be launched in Germany with sevener engines, deuce-ace TFSI and quatern TDI. Their mightiness turnout has increased importantly and ranges from 110 kW (150 hp) to 200 kW (272 hp), but fire usance has been rock-bottom by capable 21 pct. The A4 2.0 TDI extremist has fire intake of good 3.7 liters of diesel per 100 kilometers (63.6 US mpg) and CO2 emissions of equitable 95 grams per klick (152.9 grams per mil); the figures for the like Avant exemplar are 3.8 l/100 km and 99 g/km CO2 (61.9 US mpg and 159.3 g/mi). All the engines cartel highschool efficiency with clean index bringing and suavity. This applies particularly to the two 3.0 TDI six-cylinder engines.

The new Audi A4 has a innovative creation for the gas engines: The 2.0 TFSI extremist with 140 kW (190 hp) uses an utterly new burning method that makes it specially effective and allows fire expenditure of 4.8 liters per 100 km (49 US mpg) and CO2 emissions of 109 g/km (175.4 g/mi); the figures for the like Avant modeling are 5.0 l/100 km and 114 g/km CO2 (47 US mpg and 183.5 g/mi). During the simulation lifecycle, a g-tron interpretation testament be launched which can use gas or the sustainably produced Audi e-gas as fire.

S tronic, tiptronic and manual transmission

The powertrain and the flesh of the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant birth been whole redeveloped. The six-gear manual transmitting, the seven-gear S tronic (now likewise uncommitted for front-wheel cause) and the eight-stage tiptronic sustain been redesigned; the machinelike transmissions now offering a fuel-saving happy-go-lucky office. Wheel-selective torsion command supplements the workplace of the front-wheel effort and the quattro driving. For the nearly herculean TDI, Audi leave whirl the sportsman derivative on the behind axle as an alternative start in 2016.

Driving dynamics

The manipulation of new A4 makes a bang-up bounce onwards: on the one paw clean and operation orientated, but with a center solace simultaneously. The abeyance and direction filter disturbances such as an spotty route aerofoil, but commune to the driver authoritative entropy such as increases in sidelong forces and trailing. This functioning is based on the redeveloped five-link axles and the electromechanical exponent guidance – they are exceptionally lightness. They lay the creation for dynamical manipulation and excellent tantalise consolation spell likewise reduction fire uptake. Extra options are active direction, which varies its proportion according to the car’s fastness and the guidance lean, and hanging with adjustable jounce absorbers with which the driver can first choose betwixt two settings: sports or ease. Both of respite settings are included in the Audi thrust blue-ribbon driving-dynamics arrangement, which is stock equipment for models with engines of 140 kW (190 hp) and supra.

Widest range in its class: driver assistance and safety systems

The Audi A4 and A4 Avant set the benchmark in their stratum with legion driver aid systems. The prognostic efficiency helper helps drivers to economise fire, Audi participating lane aid helps them to check in lane and the Block&Go adaptative sail mastery including traffic-jam serve eases drive in slow-moving dealings. One extra have of traffic-jam attend is its restraint scheme. It takes into invoice a plurality of parameters such as route markings and the dealings beforehand. Around more innovations that pee authoritative contributions to condom are parking serve, bottom cross-traffic serve, departure exemplary, hit shunning attend, twist attend and the Audi pre-sense systems. Camera-based traffic-sign acknowledgment is likewise usable.

Benchmark for aerodynamics

When it comes to aeromechanics, the two new models dramatically outpace the contender. The A4 Saloon has a haul coefficient evaluate of 0.23, and the Avant has cd 0.26. These exceedingly low figures are the resolution of composite fine-tuning and new solutions. The outer lines of the air inlets mix extra openings – they template approximately of the air swarm concluded the bicycle fountainhead, where it flows yesteryear wheels which get besides been aerodynamically optimized. Details such as the outside mirrors positioned on the doorway sills with their modest structured specialize chevron service raise the aeroacoustics.

In every new car, the bum excogitation plays a key office in self-propelled aeromechanics. On the new Audi A4 Saloon, the lines of the trunk doorway shuffling surely that the airflow is shine. On the Avant, a cap adjoin pamperer with a firm downwardly tilt performs this routine. Specify passementerie on both sides of the cover windowpane are the capstone on the flowing conception.

The underbelly of the new mid-sized models likewise contributes to their streamlined lines. The undersurface of the locomotive compartment is plastered off from the route, and tolerant reduce nether the rider cubicle and the baggage compartments protects the alloy. The wishbones on the bum axle are particularly enclosed, and little spoilers template the airflow at multiple sites, including below the wheels and at the tankful. In concurrence with the conception of the tailboard, the aerodynamically optimized underbelly keeps the facelift of the bottom axle low.

The A4 TDI radical models sour with another kinda new flowing engineering: governable cool-air recess. This is a skeleton installed butt the grille which houses two blinds that can be excited severally. They are unopen as the car starts so that air opposition corset as low as potential, and when air is needful to coolheaded the locomotive, beginning the depress then the amphetamine subterfuge opens.

The driver assistance systems and integrated safety

With their all-inclusive reach of driver assist systems, the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant are mount benchmarks for the course. Nigh all of the equipment has been totally redesigned or greatly enhanced in equivalence to late models. About of the systems are stock features, whereas the optional solutions can be elect singly or are useable in the packages Parking, Metropolis and Go.

Greater safety

All of the versions of the new models admit the rubber organization Audi pre sentience metropolis as measure equipment. At speeds of capable 85 km/h (52.8 mph), the organization scans the route for early vehicles and pedestrians victimization a windshield-mounted breast camera with a stove of capable 100 meters (328.1 ft). If thither is the scourge of a hit, the driver receives a serial of warnings, and if requisite the car starts to utilize the brakes amply. At speeds capable 40 km/h (24.9 ft), it can full keep accidents inside the scheme limits. At higher speeds capable 85 km/h (52.8 mph), warnings and bracken interference can slim the impingement speed.

The optional Audi pre gumption staple plant with info from a kind of dissimilar fomite systems. Formerly it detects precarious impulsive weather, it initiates incumbrance measures to protect the occupants. The presence ass belts are electrically tightened, and the windows and sunshine-roof are shut. The peril lights are besides excited.

If a hit cannot be prevented and an stroke is inevitable, the multicollision bracken help arrangement supports the driver with controlled lotion of the brakes. This can service to forestall the car from skidding, which prevents advance collisions.

Another measure arrangement in the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant is tending aid, a factor of the driver info scheme. It analyses driver demeanor and issues a monition when it detects that the driver is decorous neglectful. The adjustable amphetamine clipper, a measure characteristic, can be set to a finical upper ranging from 30 to 250 km/h (18.6 to 155.3 mph) – a really helpful pecker for maintaining hurrying inside metropolis limits, in twist areas, etc..

Adaptive cruise control including traffic-jam assist in the Tour assistance package

Amongst the optional systems, the key have is the adaptative sail ascendancy (ACC) Stoppage&Go including traffic-jam help. It maintains a specified space betwixt the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant and the car before; the driver can take one of fin distances and use Audi cause prize to correct the rank of quickening and ascendence kinetics.

The organisation, which relies on the signals from the two figurehead rad sensors and the camera, interacts with the S tronic and the tiptronic to back the good grasp of speeds from 0 to 250 km/h (155.3 mph); in manual transmissions, it starts at 30 km/h (18.6 mph).

The ACC’s Stopover&Go part (just uncommitted with robotic transmissions) can bracken the new Audi A4 to a period, and at the driver’s like it can mechanically sketch impulsive again. When the scheme is deactivated, the outdistance expose shows how far the car forwards is, and it warns drivers when they are tailgating. Its operational orbit is at speeds of 60 km/h (37.3 mph) and supra.

Another procedure of the ACC, the traffic-jam assistance, can seize direction at speeds of capable 65 km/h (40.4 mph) on well-developed roadstead when dealings is engorged. The organization uses the rad and sonography sensors likewise as the presence camera, directive the car by mildly adjusting the direction and chase the dealings before inside organisation limits. In doing so, the traffic-jam help uses the lane markings and otc vehicles on the route for predilection.

When the traffic-jam serve reaches its organization limits – e.g., when the dealings thins out or thither is a shrewd bend leading – the driver has to bear again entirely. The organisation provides warnings at dissimilar levels. As a net quantity, it safely brings the A4 and A4 Avant to a stop.

Thanks to the ACC, the Audi pre sentiency forepart prophylactic scheme aboard can foreclose bum collisions or aid denigrate hob. In grave situations, the organization gives the driver a diverseness of warnings to bracken: ocular and acoustical signals too as a tap on the brakes. If the driver does not reply, the car low starts to bracken, and simultaneously it closes the windows and the sunshine-roof. As the lonesome manakin of its stratum, the A4 so decelerates as practically as potential if the car before of it is hush moving. The organisation mechanically tightens the bum belts. Audi pre signified figurehead likewise deeds when the ACC is not run.

The predictive efficiency assistant

Another organisation that is alone in its family is the prognostic efficiency help, which is useable as role of the Hitch help software. It workings in finis junction with the adaptative sail ascendance, the seafaring organisation and the camera-based acknowledgement of dealings signs. The preselected swiftness adapts to the route weather by itself, e.g. the topography of the itinerary, fastness limits and the dealings leading.

Eventide when the pilotage role is not on, the prognosticative efficiency help uses the information from the road to hold the driver informed around situations which request frown velocity. The arrangement recognizes curves, roundabouts, route junctions, gradients, metropolis limits and fastness demarcation signs – in many cases foresighted ahead the driver sees them. A like monitory appears in the compounding tool and/or the Audi practical cockpit and head-up show. If the adjunct screenland is combat-ready, elaborate art can be seen.

If the driver wishes, the arrangement can arrogate the happy-go-lucky of the automatonlike contagion itself below sure weather. This mannikin of “coasting” is but excited if it can end for leastways phoebe seconds. When it ends, the car mechanically accelerates to the hurrying the driver has selected if the ACC is excited. The prognosticative efficiency helper can slim fire expenditure on area roadstead by capable 10 pct.

Other systems in the Tour assistance system

The Audi dynamic lane attend is useable severally or as portion of the Spell assist organization. At speeds of 65 km/h (40.4 mph) and supra, it helps drivers remain in their lanes. It receives its signals chiefly from the movement camera, which detects lane markings.

If the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant access a grading when the driver has not switched on a trafficator, the organization makes a mollify allowance to the electromechanical index direction to convey the car rachis into its lane.

Exploitation the MMI arrangement, drivers can settle whether this documentation should be excited at all multiplication or alone occur earlier the lane scoring is crossed. If they prefer the early-correction mood, the organization leave guidebook the car backbone into the heart of the lane. Thither is too the optional scope of qualification the wheel thrill as a indicate.

The shunning assistance is yet another high-end boast in the Go help organisation. It activates when the new Audi mid-sized models suffer to obviate an obstruction so as to forbid an stroke. Inside fractions of a s, it uses information transferred from the breast camera, the ACC and rad sensors to cypher the aloofness of the car onward too as its breadth and grade of outgrowth. Its get-go monition is a tap on the brakes to alerting drivers to the voltage peril. As presently as the driver starts direction, the scheme offers reenforcement with the requirement lane changes with controlled interventions to the powerfulness guidance.

The turn help is another Audi founding that monitors onset dealings during odd turns (on cars with left crusade). It has an operational stove ‘tween 2 and 10 km/h (1.2 and 6.2 mph). In unsafe situations, it brings the car to a nail closure. The arrangement becomes fighting in the desktop as shortly as the driver turns on the leftover blinker.

The camera-based traffic-sign realisation aid (likewise useable severally) rounds out the Enlistment help scheme. It identifies many dealings signs, including digital displays, and shows them to the driver as art in the head-up exhibit and cat’s-paw flock. The driver can besides opt for optic warnings when he or she exceeds the amphetamine restrict indicated on dealings signs.

The City assistance system

The options in the Metropolis help arrangement admit the lane-changing have Audi english attend (likewise useable severally). From speeds of 15 km/h (9.3 mph) and supra, it supports drivers in ever-changing lanes, victimisation the two back radiolocation sensors which step crosswise a scope approximately 70 meters (229.7 ft)

If another fomite approaches chop-chop or is in the unreasoning blot, a cautionary LED in the lodging of the earmark english mirror lights up. If the driver turns on the trafficator anyways, the LED blinks brilliantly many multiplication in sequence.

Upon quest, the Audi incline serve can be complemented by desegregation the Audi pre sentiency back organisation. It warns roughly voltage collisions from butt and takes encumbrance measures such as activation Audi pre gumption staple. Moreover, it makes the risk lights nictitation speedily as a way of cautionary dealings arse the car. It clay dynamic in the backdrop at every hurrying eve if the Audi slope aid is sour off (unless a lagger is engaged).

The ass cross-traffic assistance is excited when the parking attend is horny. When this occurs, drivers who are tardily drive backward (e.g., spell going a parking billet at correct angles to the route) are warned approximately coming vehicles in decisive reach. Thither are dissimilar levels of warnings: ocular, acoustical and a brusque jar of the brakes. The backbone radiolocation sensors cater the requisite information.

The outlet cautionary is excited when the new Audi A4 and Avant blockage moving. If over-the-counter vehicles are coming from backside, it warns occupants as they afford the doors. The organization warns drivers by agency of LED fiberoptics in the interior door-opening mechanics (conformation ignition). In situations that are assessed as unsafe, particular high-performance red LEDs nictate and brighten. The departure monitory corset on for roughly tercet transactions aft the lighting is sour off.

Over-the-counter systems discharge the Metropolis assist parcel: the acoustical and optic green organisation asset, which mechanically activates when it detects an obstruction, and the reversing camera. Both systems are likewise usable singly.

The Parking assistance system

The Parking aid scheme features the parkland help (likewise usable singly). With the avail of xii rad sensors, it helps operate the car into parking spaces that are analogue or at correct angles to the route, which it identifies severally when impulsive at a temper upper. Moreover, it can piddle its own outlet of parking spaces analogue to the route. All the driver has to do is speed, sack gears and bracken.

The 360-degree cameras are the indorsement portion of the software. The MMI reminder displays unlike perspectives from the car’s prompt environs, including a practical aspect and 180 stage images from the strawman and bottom. Guidelines pass easier to play in reverse. The 360-degree cameras are specially helpful in transaction with parking spaces or driveways where profile is pitiful, and the cameras are besides utile jointly the ass cross-traffic serve in the back.

Innovative connectivity

2016 Audi A4

A full weaponed new Audi A4 or A4 Avant has about 90 controller units aboard, many of which change information with apiece early. This kinda tight-knit interaction, particularly among the driver help systems, would not be potential without a make new access to the car’s electronic architecture.

The new FlexRay bus organisation connects various mastery units with apiece early and guarantees highly speedy and fasten information carry-over. The almost crucial components are the locomotive, the machinelike transmittance, the primal bod mastery whole, electronic stabilisation ascendence (ESC), the superpower direction controller whole, the adaptative sail controller Blockage&Go including traffic-jam attend, the tv camera and the refuge calculator which steers the safe systems.

Thither are over-the-counter information networks in gain to the FlexRay bus. CAN (control expanse meshwork) buses colligate about of the aid systems such as the Audi incline attend, 360 level cameras and the air-conditioning organisation. Moreover, they are parting of the communicating ‘tween the appliance functions, the documentary components and the primal presentation and ascendancy components, such as the MMI and Audi practical cockpit.

LIN (local interlink meshing) buses accompaniment the CAN buses by operational less composite structured systems such as midland kindling. The Fringe & Olufsen audio organisation with 3D acoustics uses a Well-nigh (media orientated systems transferral) bus. In these new Audi mid-sized models, the electrical systems too give to the twinkle fomite burden: enhanced topology, new aluminium cables and an AGM bombardment glower the burden by six kilograms (13.2 lb) in comparability with the earliest modelling.

2016 Audi A4

The interior

Bounty, spark, wide – the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant outmatch their predecessors in well-nigh all upcountry dimensions. Berm breadth and psyche headway for driver and front-seat rider let increased by 11 and 24 millimeters (0.4 and 0.9 in). Inside distance has full-grown by 17 millimeters (0.7 in) and bottom legroom is really 23 millimeters (0.9 in) bigger. The new Audi models set the benchmark in their category in these crucial criteria.

All 4 seating hence crack a flavor of unfeigned commodiousness. The inside figure underscores this feeling, as its crystalize architecture is stringently focussed on horizontal lines. This rationale is nearly plain with the low fascia – it seems to drift in distance, supplemented by the concealment o’er the combining pawn and the Audi practical cockpit.

A banding of air outlets is staged concluded the mildly slanting, curving strawman of the splashboard, punctuated lonesome by the instruments – it combines graceful designing and fresh functions. The speed edges of the splasher and the threshold shave delimitation the inside in a wrap-around dash, without constrictive the driver and passengers.

Depending on the transmission: the MMI control element

The blanket, unsymmetrically schism primal soothe houses the MMI controller constituent. Its pattern and spot change according to the car’s infection. If the car is fitted with S tronic or tiptronic, the pole is set approximately the splasher; the low reflexive chooser pry offers the carpus a well-off resting berth. With manual infection, the picker prize is before of the MMI terminus.

In both cases, the book ascendancy and a depot tray are situated on the correct of the MMI ascendance terminus. This system makes the ism of the new A4 category unclutter. E.g., although the internal is focussed on the driver, the MMI proctor can be exploited evenly fountainhead by the front-seat rider.

Tablet style: the new, slim MMI display

The supervise is an component in which Audi’s full innovation expertness is reflected – with its blacken exhibit ice with rounded corners, it looks comparable an scoop pill figurer. It is upright 13 millimeters midst (0.5 in), and has a circumspect silver-colored mg frame the top variant with MMI Piloting summation.

Procedure of the machinelike air conditioning is another foreground – specially with the grand reflex air conditioning, which has temperature displays merged into the restraint dials. Equitable a few buttons and dials are sufficient for commodious ascendence. When one of the capacitive cradle switches is approached by a digit, its part is shown exaggerated on the nighttime LCD expose and selected.

Both the criterion single-zone organisation and the triple-zone gilded robotic air-conditioning deliver been entirely redesigned. Both systems ingest footling muscularity thanks to effective solutions for the fan drive and fresh-air cater, an effective chilling circle and extremely compromising controls. Notwithstanding, they cater an passing heights air calibre: In both fresh-air and recirculating surgery, an active-carbon compounding dribble removes the smallest particulate. The comforter of the receive is rounded out by low racket levels.

With the opulent reflex air-conditioning, the liberal isthmus of air vents allows collateral breathing spell increasing the bulk of air circulated. The midland can be air-conditioned in iii branch zones; the backside passengers let their own ascendance whole with a digital exhibit. Audi besides offers the alternative of an supplemental heat, which apace warms the inner. In association with the optional Audi unite os, the adjuvant heat can be handily programmed with a smartphone app.

New and versatile: the seats

The seating of the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant birth besides been whole redesigned. With the anatomically molded forepart seating, the brain restraints can be familiarized not just for altitude, but too for outdistance from the nous. Many of the modelling versions sustain arse warming. Instead, the seating can be consistent with fond or entire galvanising registration and with galvanizing lumbar reenforcement, also as with warming and respiration for the sports seating.

A fundamental armrest in the presence – adjustable if coveted and with a enceinte store spa – great threshold pockets and two cup holders are criterion equipment with the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant serial. The optional entrepot and luggage-compartment bundle includes a bottom armrest with two cup holders, nets on the bum of the presence seating and early hard-nosed store spaces contiguous to the driver and in the trunk.

The guidance wheels are all new; the driver’s airbag is a contract micro-module and allows a punter scene of the combining cat’s-paw. Thither is a all-encompassing reach of steerage wheels useable. The bag edition is a three-spoke multifunction wheel with a knob in the cast of the Singleframe grill. Contingent the exemplar business and the client’s wishes, thither is likewise a troll foreman, a heatable leather-covered wheel, a wheel with a blandish depress section, chromium-plate trimness in the frown rundle and the summation alternative for the multifunction lineament. The skeleton of the wheel is made of mg – the stallion internal was intentional rigorously on the lines of jackanapes expression.

Components made of mg and a ignitor telegram underframe are too ill-used in the in backside seating; the groundwork of the breast seating is made of high-strength sword. Compared with the former exemplar, the angle of the seating has been decreased by capable 9 kilograms. A new carpeting, an al bracken bike and foamed deice ducts in the air-conditioning scheme shaving another quadruplet kilograms (8.8 lb) off the angle.

As e’er at Audi, all materials in the upcountry of the new A4 and A4 Avant let been selected and refined with the farthest aid. Incisively fitted chromium-plate strips margin the speed adjoin of the air vents, the controls of the reflex air-conditioning and the robotlike picker pry on the cardinal burrow solace. The door-handle recesses are forthwith insert into the threshold passementerie – a refreshing and extremely attractive point. All seams are passing specialise and collimate.

2016 Audi A4

A choice of 30 colors: ambient lighting

The firing parcel has albumen LEDs in the touchstone variant. The driver can manoeuver the recital lights via sensors. At nighttime, the optional internal ignition packet or the optional ambient inflammation render pocket-sized highlights in the national. With the top rendering, the colouration of the light can be controlled via the MMI, in respective profiles and in reprint zones, including the cup bearer. The colours alteration contingent the fashion elect in Audi campaign quality. In the doorway cut, specify, LED lighter strips give efficient configuration miniature.

The colours and materials likewise emphasise the generous dimensions and elegance of the inside; the pallet offers legion new sunglasses and combinations. With the invention and excogitation survival equipment lines, the fascia can be dual-lane into two colouration zones. Thither is a pick of blacken or granite greyish for the nighttime speed arena, and of telamon ecru, shake greyish or blacken for the frown zona. The like colours are likewise useable for the bottom upholstery, likewise as nougat brownness.

With the upholstery materials, the outset phase of options subsequently the stock materials consists of two scoop materials for the figure and variation equipment lines. Instead, a racy combining of literal leather and man-made leather can be selected. The key panels of the breast seating and of the two outer arse seating also as the position bolsters of the driver’s seating in the ingress arena are upholstered with leather. Milano leather, the alcantara/leather compounding (just for the fun seating) and the high-grade hunky-dory nappa leather with contrastive sewing and cording are the finest upholstery usable. The supplemental leather box includes the armrests and genu pads.

The gravid inlays are a meaning characteristic of the inside’s show. Audi supplies them in infield silver glossary as stock equipment. Alternatives are printed al oval and shadow walnut solution forest.

S line sport package and design selection

With the S contrast mutant box, the national is either blackness of rotor grey. The variation seating are upholstered with a compounding of ivory nappa leather and successiveness material; alternatives are bone nappa leather with brocaded frequence Alcantara or ok nappa leather. The backrests of the breast seating constantly boast S logos in connector with the S occupation fun parcel. The inlays dwell of fleecy al or pianissimo lightlessness lacquer. The sportsman wheel, the well-lighted door-sill trims and the wing sport S emblems. The gaudy show is realised with stainless-steel pedals and footrests also as base mats with contrastive sewing.

A endorsement foreground for the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant is invention pick. Therein suit, the fascia is either nigrify or in combinations of the colours granite grey or elk brownness with sway gray-haired or telamon ecru; the like colours are exploited for the bottom upholstery.

The materials are the like as those of the S cable play parcel. The wheel is besides useable in color-matching blackness, granite greyness or elk embrown. For the ornamental strips, the client can select ‘tween aluminium trimaran and greyish cancel oak court. The designing option is supplemented with ambient kindling in variable colours. Both packages get well-lighted door-sill trims.

Displays and controls

With its modern expose and command construct, the new A4 simulation kinsfolk is at the vizor of its section. Victimisation the exchange components – the Audi practical cockpit and MMI signature, both optional extras – the driver can use a masses of functions in a way that is not sole well comprehendible, but fun also.

As received equipment, the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant are fitted with a great, well clear, linear tach and speedometer. The exhibit of the driver entropy organization is situated ‘tween those two instruments. In the introductory variation, the driver data organisation has a 5-inch showing. If MMI Piloting positive is selected, Audi supplies a 7-inch reminder. It presents information such as radiocommunication send, medicine lists or seafaring entropy.

High-end graphics: the Audi virtual cockpit

The Audi practical cockpit is uncommitted as a high-end pick, provided that MMI Seafaring summation with MMI touching is aboard. Its 12.3-inch LCD proctor with a resoluteness of 1,440 x 540 pixels ensures extremely elaborated artwork. E.g., locomotive fastness measured 60 multiplication a sec so that the practical goad is exceedingly accurate and moves swimmingly. Scroll-down lists survey a forcible modeling so that factors such as inactivity, snap and damping are considered.

With the “Aspect” clit on the multifunction wheel addition, the driver can substitution betwixt two unlike exploiter interfaces. The docudrama style is henpecked by a cardinal windowpane – it offers items such as the piloting map or lists from the areas of ring, wireless and sound. The tach and speedometer are presented hither as bout instruments. In the greco-roman sight, the instruments are shown in some the like sizing as parallel dials and the key windowpane is correspondingly littler.

The Audi practical cockpit presents entropy comprehensively and in several slipway – from the seafaring arrows to active animations and the docudrama features (including associate services) likewise as the art of approximately assist systems. The presentation changes its coloration designing contingent the introductory card: orangish in the media carte and common in the ring card e.g.. At the frown butt, thither are lasting displays of outside temperature, hour and milage, besides as cautionary symbols and otc data.

As with the show of the driver entropy organization in the linear pawn, the driver operates the Audi practical cockpit with the optional multifunction wheel summation. The switches on the unexpended rundle are secondhand to transit the menus of the sound scheme, onboard calculator and – if fitted – seafaring arrangement and phone; the interface can be changed with the “Purview” clit. The loudness ascendence, voice-control scheme, ring limited command and the omission purpose for apace ever-changing radiocommunication stations or medicine tracks are situated on the correct radius of the wheel.

Intuitive control logic: the new MMI control concept

Another technological foundation in the Audi A4 and A4 Avant is the MMI-System, peculiarly in the wax edition as MMI Piloting summation with MMI contact. Its carte construction has been entirely redesigned; its performance with matted hierarchies is orientated towards innovative smartphones. An reasoning logic that is simpler and spry to use replaces stable card trees; often put-upon functions can be reached with good a few clicks.

The depot’s primal factor is the roundabout control, whose tintinnabulation is lighted in flannel with the optional MMI touching. Its speed open features a touchpad, which is secondhand to stimulus characters and multi-finger gestures – zooming into the sailing map e.g..

2016 Audi A4

Additional features: the function and option menus

The last likewise has buttons for the about significant canonical menus, the ecumenical card clit, the “Rear” clitoris and 8 freely programmable pet buttons. Two more buttons on the unexpended and veracious of the circular comptroller tolerate accession to the routine and selection menus, which supplementation many operational areas. E.g., the driver can choose the waveband in the wireless card or entree dealings data in the map carte. With the functions and options, the driver can be navigated to a programmed terminus and presentation parking spaces in the locality, or can memory the finish in the favorites lean.

A finical spotlight of the new scheme is the MMI hunting, which is usable for all introductory menus and which accepts release textbook stimulation wish an Net research locomotive does. It mostly reacts afterward the stimulation of good a few letters and takes the car’s spot into considerateness. When looking a eatery e.g., it is sufficient to stimulant its distinguish and the kickoff missive of the metropolis – a tilt of results so appears, Europe-wide and including wax addresses. Probing for birdsong titles, albums and tuner stations workings in the like way.

“Where can I fill up?” – voice control

The part ascendence arrangement has likewise been intensively encourage highly-developed and now understands many phrases from unremarkable delivery. In decree to shuffle a call, it is sufficient to say “I deprivation to outcry Tool Miller.” The seafaring organization besides reacts to cancel delivery (“Where can I fill?” or “Where is the nighest Italian eatery?” e.g.). The new part ascendance organisation, which too allows the command of textbook messages, is too useable in the tuner and media menus.

MMI Pilotage summation with MMI trace makes use of the saturated powerfulness of Audi’s new modular docudrama program. Its chief c.p.u. combines two briny levels – the tuner car ascendancy whole and the MMX plank (MMX= Multi-Media prolongation). The panel is intentional as a add-in faculty, so in the growing appendage, Audi can forever sustenance it capable escort and get innovations from the battlefield of consumer electronics into the car without check.

The second-generation modular docudrama program, which is exploited by the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant, includes a Tegra 30 mainframe from cooperation collaborator Nvidia in the MMX card. The quad-core crisp from the Tegra 3 serial, which operates in junction with exceptional 3D artwork package, processes all of the on-line, media, voice-control, sailing and telephony functions. With a time rank of more one gc and a brawny art lineup, it can fulfill eighter jillion calculations per sec.

Innovation in the segment: the head-up display

As an pick, Audi offers a head-up presentation in the new A4 and A4 Avant. The arrangement projects relevant info onto the windshield in the configuration of well comprehendible symbols and characters. A TFT varan with tweed LED backlighting generates the coloration icon. Two aspheric mirrors elaborate and mull it, also as compensating for deformation caused by the geometry of the windshield.

The entropy appears in a windowpane 200 by 80 millimeters in sizing (7.9 by 3.1 in) and appears to loom most two meters (6.6 ft) before of the driver. The eyes file it highly truehearted as they do not suffer to align to a nearer battleground of imagination. Victimisation the MMI, the driver can regulate which info the exhibit should prove, and can likewise set the altitude and luminousness of the presentation.

Infotainment and Audi connect

The measure MMI tuner asset with eighter loudspeakers includes an SDXC scorecard proofreader, an accessory comment, a USB connective, Bluetooth and phonation ascendance for telephony and tuner. The MMI proctor has a 7-inch separatrix and a settlement of 800 x 480 pixels. The roundabout control is the primal lineament of the MMI command construct.

MMI Sailing, the succeeding footmark, additionally offers two menu readers, the voice-control organization and a sailing office by which the information is stored on a retentiveness carte. With MMI Sailing, the circle restrainer includes a stick part for switch betwixt the someone menus. The organisation besides allows entree to the vocalisation ascendance of the client’s smartphone, displays e-mails and reads them aloud.

Audi’s high-end interpretation is MMI Pilotage summation with MMI ghost. In summation to the MMI Pilotage features, it includes 10 gigabytes of flashbulb depot, a DVD campaign, Audi associate services for iii geezerhood, capable 5 justify pilotage updates (uncommitted at six-month intervals), a foster improved voice-control arrangement and an 8.3-inch admonisher with a resolve of 1,024 x 480 pixels. MMI Sailing asset operates in conclusion cooperation with many of the assist and guard systems.

Into the Internet via LTE: Audi connect

The ironware faculty Audi join is the nonsuch appurtenance to MMI Pilotage positive with MMI contact. An LTE/UMTS faculty provides tod’s quickest Net connectedness with download speeds of capable 100 megabits per endorsement; the structured Wi-Fi hotspot allows the car’s passengers justify surfboarding, cyclosis and posting with capable eighter roving devices. For the driver, it includes the tailor-made on-line services of Audi link.

Audi unite offers a across-the-board spectrum of features ranging from seafaring with Google Ground and Google Street Sight to on-line dealings info and parking spa searches and to the Chirrup sociable meshwork. All of these processes were specially intentional for use in the car.

Full connectivity: the smartphone app MMI connect

The new Audi A4 and A4 Avant brand use of foster services via the smartphone app MMI join. On-line media cyclosis with admission to the medicine offered by Napster and Aupeo! besides as otc on-line tuner stations check heavy amusement. Medicine information is transferred by Wi-Fi to MMI Pilotage summation and from thither to the vocalize scheme. Destinations from Google Maps, points of sake and dates from the Metropolis Events servicing can be transferred from a smartphone to the car exploitation this app.

Services below the head “Audi unite myService” are new in the A4. They admit functions such as exigency cry, on-line crack-up birdsong, remote and Audi Serving Appointee on-line. With the latter, if the client so wishes, the car sends service-relevant information via an Audi host to the client’s favored shop. These services can be victimized gratis for ten geezerhood.

The functions of Audi associate fomite controller (gratis for ternary age) are commodious and enlightening. They admit fomite condition reports, remote for lockup and unlocking, data on the car’s parking situation and remote for the optional adjuvant warming. The functions are operated via the MMI relate app.

As a accessory to the documentary broadcast, Audi offers extra components including a digital wireless with DAB+ for tuner and TV. The Audi sound box in the key armrest wirelessly connects the fluid phone via near-field communicating with the car’s feeler and allows inducive charging according to the Qi banner, provided that the gimmick is compatible. The flow flows from a gyre in the groundwork of the box to a recipient volute in the smartphone.

A new experience: the B&O Sound System with 3D sound

The new Audi A4 and A4 Avant likewise set all new standards for hi-fi sound in the mid-size stove. The optional Blast & Olufsen 3D Sophisticated Audio Organization offers a enthralling initiation – a strait that includes the spacial proportion of altitude. It utilizes quatern extra loudspeakers, two apiece in the splasher and the A-pillars. The 3D vocalise allows an sound get that is totally new in a car: The medicine conveys a echt concert-hall feel.

The new engineering is based on an algorithm that Audi highly-developed itself conjointly the Fraunhofer Bring for Structured Circuits in Erlangen. The syllabus the uses the info from two-channel or 5.1 recordings to forecast the one-third property and processes it for the extra loudspeakers.

The nerve of the Blast & Olufsen Voice Arrangement with 3D phone is a 755-watt 16‑canal amplifier that feeds 19 loudspeakers. The utterer covers sport a new innovation with longsighted aluminium strips harmonizing with the lines of the A4 midland. Flannel fiberoptics light the foot drivers in the battlefront doors.

Highly flexible: the Audi tablet as rear seat entertainment

The new Audi A4 and A4 Avant testament oftentimes be put-upon as phratry cars, which agency that presently afterwards mart found, another foundation testament be useable as behind arse amusement and as an in-car amusement arrangement: the Audi pill. The twist has a high-resolution 10.1-inch presentation (1,920 x 1,200 pixels) and connects with MMI Seafaring asset via Wi-Fi, allowing accession to the menus of the radiocommunication, media, seafaring and car functions. E.g., the rear-seat passengers can transmit a aforethought itinerary to the driver, or the driver can beginning a radiocommunication or media plan for them. Vocalise turnout is done the car’s strait organization or done headphones.

The Audi tab uses the Humanoid os and supports NFC engineering (near-field communicating) for light connexion with NFC-compatible Bluetooth headphones. The expert mettle of the pad is the passing hefty Tegra 40 cpu from NVIDIA. The 32-gigabyte intimate retention can be lengthened with micro-SD cards.

A chink on the “Apps” push in the commencement card opens the Humanoid environs – with approach to a throng of apps and games, films and medicine, e-books and situation applications.

The incorporated full-HD camera can be victimized for tv calls. At the end of a journeying, the occupants can return the Audi lozenge out of the car with them and can use it offline or in a Wi-Fi meshing.

The Audi tab and its shelling are intentional for use in the car. They contend easy with gamey or selfsame low temperatures, and the swiveling bearer on the backbone of the strawman behind fulfils the requirements of clangour condom. The chassis is machined from whole aluminium – it epitomizes the bounty quality of the Audi tab, which is uncommitted as a ace whole or in a set of two.

Fully integrated: the Audi smartphone interface

Another procedure is the Audi smartphone port – it brings Apple Car Swordplay and Humanoid Machine aboard. When the client plugs an iOS or Humanoid smartphone into the USB embrasure (iOS 7.1 and up, Humanoid 5.0 Lolly and up), smartphone contents such as seafaring, phone, medicine and selected third-party apps can be accessed in a fork MMI fare. The contents can be easy exploited via MMI or vocalism ascendancy.

Both applications are peculiarly intentional for use in the car. The center of the oblation is on-line euphony with admission to the tremendous scope of Google Gambling Medicine and iTunes. In accession, thither are seafaring functions, word and appointee reminders. Apple Car Gaming and Humanoid Car can be operated via the multifunction wheel, vocalism mastery or the roundabout comptroller. The offer can be expanded eventide more promote done thirdly company apps such as Pandora, Spotify and WhatsApp.

Engines

At commercialize plunge in Europe, the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant volition be useable with a option of iii TFSI and four-spot TDI engines delivering uttermost powerfulness of betwixt 110 kW (150 hp) and 200 kW (272 hp). Compared with the premature manakin, their fire intake has been rock-bottom by capable 21 pct, piece their mightiness outturn has increased by capable 25 pct. All engines follow with the Euro 6 emanation limits, so that the TDI has been labelled a scavenge diesel. Thither is a measure 12-liter tankful or an optional 24-liter tankful for the requisite AdBlue linear.

The received, start-stop organization has likewise been foster improved and comes with new features to tighten fire ingestion advance: When the driver chicago at a red sparkle, the locomotive can already be deactivated infra 7 kilometers an minute (4 mph); 3 km/h for the A4 3.0 TDI with tiptronic (1.9 mph).

The entry-level gas locomotive is the 1.4 TFSI. The press four-cylinder with translation of 1,395 cc, has a maximal production of 110 kW (150 hp) and torsion of 250 Nm (184.4 lb-ft) betwixt 1,500 and 3,500 rpm. In compounding with the seven-speed S tronic contagion, it accelerates the A4 Saloon from 0 to 100 km/h (62.1 mph) in hardly 8.9 seconds and on to a top swiftness of 210 km/h (130.5 mph). The comparable figures for the Avant are 8.9 seconds and 210 km/h (130.5 mph).

In the NEDC (New European Impulsive Cps), the 1.4 TFSI with S tronic consumes alone 4.9 liters per 100 kilometers (48.0 US mpg) in the A4 Saloon, resulting in CO2 emissions of 114 grams per km (183.5 grams per mi). Compared with the 1.8 TFSI of the old modeling, fire expenditure has been rock-bottom by 21 pct.

With its al crankcase, the new four-cylinder locomotive weighs barely ended 100 kilograms, disdain its extremely composite engineering box. The valve-drive faculty in the cylinder psyche is intentional to be sparkle and stiff. Beneath it, the eject multiply is incorporated into the cylinder nous – a key ingredient of effective caloric direction. Ilk the crankcase, the cylinder brain has its own chilling circle. The intact crankshaft cause has a identical low people and frictional losings.

The turbocharger and its peripherals are optimized altogether details to arm encourage force speedily. With the mixed-flow turbine pedal, the mo of inactiveness is low, the electrically operated wastegate plant passing incisively and intercooler structured into the inhalation multiply results concisely distances for the gas admixture to locomote. The plebeian fulminate arrangement develops an shot force of capable 200 bar; the erose smash for valve timing and adjunct effort is intentional to close for the locomotive’s lifespan.

High-tech power pack: the 2.0 TFSI

The 2.0 TFSI with a deracination of 1,984 cc is useable in two versions for the Audi A4 and A4 Avant. Its expert refinements are the beat multiply unified into the cylinder mind, the rotary-valve example for thermic direction, the Audi valve-lift scheme (AVS) for the issue valves, the galvanizing wastegate of the turbocharger and the threefold fire injectant. In overtone loading, collateral shot in the intake multiply supplements the FSI calculate shot.

In the high-end variation, the 2.0 TFSI delivers 185 kW (252 hp) and torsion of 370 Nm (272.9 lb-ft) ‘tween 1,600 and 4,500 rpm. This allows flashy impulsive: The new A4 Saloon with quattro cause and seven-speed S tronic dash from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62.1 mph) in 5.8 seconds and has an electronically modified top upper of 250 km/h (155.3 mph). The new A4 Avant has comparable figures of 6.0 seconds and 250 km/h. The Saloon with front-wheel driving and S tronic consumes good 5.7 liters of fire per 100 kilometers in the NEDC (41.3 US mpg) and emits 129 grams of CO2 per kilometre (207.6 grams per knot).

The arcsecond variant of the 2.0 TFSI, the gas radical modeling, delivers 140 kW (190 hp) and torsion of 320 Nm (236 lb-ft) ‘tween 1,450 and 4,200 rpm. This likewise results in rattling spry operation: 7.3 seconds from 0 to 100 km/h (62.1 mph) and a top upper of 240 km/h (149.1 mph) for the Saloon; 7.5 seconds and 238 km/h (147.9 mph) for the Avant (both with S tronic). NEDC fire use is fantabulous: The Saloon consumes 4.8 liters per 100 kilometers (49 US mpg) and the Avant 5.0 liters (47 US mpg), eq to 109 and 114 grams of CO2 per km (175.4 and 183.5 grams per mi) severally.

Revolutionary combustion method

These results are based on a new scheme – Audi continues to break its successful locomotive curtailment into rightsizing. The pioneering efficiency of the 2.0 TFSI is the answer of an groundbreaking burning method whereby the relatively great locomotive shift is not a hinderance, but a requirement. With a lead drive panache, customers of new Audi A4 and A4 Avant see the sparing advantages of a minor locomotive, but do not flavor its disadvantages when drive in a more flashy style.

The new burning method with shorter compressing and thirster elaboration phases besides as increased densification is intentional specially for fond shipment, by far the nearly vernacular manner of surgery.

The inspiration valves closing lots earliest than common; in association with increased press in the uptake multiply, this reduces choking losings during intake.

Due to the abbreviated compressing form, the compaction proportion was successfully increased from 9.6:1 to 11.7:1. This agency that in the compaction form, the locomotive lonesome has to constrict as lots gas as a 1.4 TFSI. Besides in the enlargement stage, in which it full utilizes its two liters of deracination, it winnings from the heights contraction proportion; the resulting higher degree of coerce during burning boost increases the locomotive’s efficiency.

In gild for the fuel-air intermixture to eddy sufficiently scorn the myopic aspiration sentence, the burning chambers, plunger recesses, inspiration ducts and turbocharging of the new 2.0 TFSI are especially altered to the new burning method. Nether higher lashings, the Audi valvelift organisation opens the inspiration valves after, resulting in a higher tutelage, which ensures near exponent and torsion bringing. Shot coerce has been increased to 250 bar.

The bestseller in the A4: the 2.0 TDI

As with the TFSI engines, Audi offers the four-cylinder TDI engines with its shift of 1,968 cc in two mightiness versions. The kickoff delivers 110 kW (150 hp) and torsion of 320 Nm (236 lb-ft) betwixt 1,500 and 3,250 rpm; the arcsecond delivers 140 kW (190 hp) and torsion of 400 Nm (295 lb-ft) ‘tween 1,750 and 3,000 rpm.

The 2.0 TDI strip diesel features respective advanced proficient solutions – with reprint chilling circuits, two reconciliation shafts in the crankcase, a cylinder-pressure detector, well decreased internal detrition and a common-rail fire shot organisation with a utmost force of 2,000 bar. Emissions stoppage low thanks to high- and low-pressure exhaust-gas recirculation and multi-stage exhaust-gas aftertreatment including an SCR organization (selective catalytic decrease).

Fifty-fifty the less knock-down edition with 110 kW ensures highschool functioning: The A4 Saloon with seven-speed S tronic and front-wheel driving accelerates from nil to 100 km/h (62.1 mph) in 8.7 seconds and has a top fastness of 219 km/h (136.1 mph); the like figures for the A4 Avant are 9.0 seconds and 213 km/h (132.4 mph).

In combining with the manual six-speed transmitting, the Saloon and the Avant deliver fire intake of equitable 3.8 and 4.0 liters per 100 kilometers (61.9 and 58.8 US mpg) and emissions of 99 and 104 grams of CO2 per kilometre (159.3 and 167.4 grams per mil).

Strong propulsion: 2.0 TDI with 140 kW (190 hp)

In the variant with 140 kW (190 hp), the 2.0 TDI unobjectionable diesel is besides a extremely effective locomotive. With it, the new A4 Saloon with seven-speed S tronic and front-wheel thrust has NEDC fire use of 4.1 liters per 100 kilometers (57.4 US mpg) and CO2 emissions of 107 grams per klick (172.2 g/mi). The new A4 Avant consumes 4.2 l/100 km (56 US mpg) and emits 109 g/km of CO2 (175.4 g/mi).

The herculean four-cylinder diesel besides delivers an telling execution: speedup from 0 to 100 km/h (62.1 mph) with front-wheel thrust and S tronic in 7.7 seconds for the Saloon and 7.9 seconds for the Avant; top speeds of 237 km/h (147.3 mph) and 231 km/h (143.5 mph) severally.

The two 2.0 TDI engines testament besides be usable as “radical” versions – a badge that signifies the near effective variation of apiece manakin serial. Modifications to the transmitting proportion, bodywork and respite too as the use of tires with optimized cast impedance tighten fire phthisis level foster. The A4 extremist with manual transmittance and 110 kW (150 hp) has NEDC fire expenditure of scarce 3.7 liters per 100 kilometers (63.6 US mpg) and CO2 emissions of 95 grams per km (152.9 g/mi); the comparable A4 Avant radical consumes 3.8 l/100 km (61.9 US mpg) and emits 99 g/km CO2 (159.3 g/mi). No challenger in the agio section has ameliorate figures.

Another 2.0 TDI locomotive testament be added abaft the grocery establish with powerfulness yield of 90 kW (122 hp).

Efficient, powerful and cultured: the 3.0 TDI

The two six-cylinder TDI engines in the new A4 class are extremely typical: They cartel ranking superpower with the last eloquence and efficiency. The 3.0 TDI unobjectionable diesel with supplanting of 2,967 cc is uncommitted with exponent production of 160 kW (218 hp) of 200 kW (272 hp).

The three-liter diesel, which weighs but 190 kilograms, incorporates legion hi-tech solutions: especially composite thermic direction, new cylinder heads, considerably rock-bottom rubbing, a limited string effort and an electrically adjustable turbocharger that delivers a pressing advance of capable 2.0 bar. The exhaust-gas aftertreatment organization is installed forthwith on the back of the locomotive, and its advanced NOx gob accelerator workings in junction with an SCR-coated diesel-particulate dribble.

In the kickoff adaptation, the 3.0 TDI strip diesel delivers 160 kW (218 hp). Its torsion of 400 Nm (295 lb-ft) is usable from 1,250 to 3.750 rpm. The A4 Saloon and Avant with front-wheel effort are projecting to sustain NEDC fire usance of barely 4.2 liters per 100 kilometers (56 US mpg), tantamount to CO2 emissions of 110 grams of CO2 per km (177 grams per mil); these are provisionary figures. This makes the TDI the humanity’s virtually effective six-cylinder locomotive.

In the high-end edition, the 3.0 TDI strip diesel has a maximal turnout of 200 kW (272 hp) and delivers 600 Nm (442.5 lb-ft) of torsion betwixt 1,500 and 3,000 rpm. It accelerates the A4 Saloon ilk a sports car – in upright 5.3 seconds from cipher to 100 km/h (62.1 mph) – and easy reaches the electronically special top amphetamine of 250 km (155.3 mph). Yet, its NEDC fire usance is hardly 4.9 liters per 100 kilometers (48 US mpg) and it emits but 129 grams of CO2 per kilometre (207.6 g/mi). The figures for the A4 Avant are 5.4 seconds, 250 km/h (155.3 mph), 5.1 liters per 100 kilometers (46.1 US mpg) and 134 grams of CO2 per kilometre (215.7 g/mi).

Ecological, economical and high-tech: the Audi A4 Avant g-tron

The Audi A4 Avant g-tron is the s simulation later the A3 Sportback g-tron that customers can run on flat gas (CNG) or Audi e-gas. Its 2.0 TFSI engines has an turnout of 125 kW (170 hp) and torsion of 270 Nm (199.1 lb-ft).

The tanks for the Avant g-tron, which volition get useable in belatedly 2016, are placed nether the bottom of the car. They can clutch 19 kilograms (41.9 lb) of gas at a insistence of 200 bar and are peculiarly lightness thanks to their refreshing layout. The intimate level consists of a matrix of gas-proof polyamide, patch a sec level of miscellaneous carbon-fiber-reinforced formative (CFRP) and glass-fiber-reinforced pliant (GFRP) ensures highly gamey potency. The tertiary stratum made of deoxyephedrine roughage helps visualise any international influences. Epoxy is secondhand to truss the roughage materials.

Gas phthisis of less than iv kilograms per 100 kilometers (8.8 lb per 62.1 miles) in a formula drive bike substance passing low fire costs for the client. With NEDC fire expenditure, the double g-tron simulation drives o’er 500 kilometers (310.7 mi) on gas. When the gas leftfield in the cooler is less than roughly 0.6 of a kg (1.3 lb), gas insistence, waterfall beneath ten bar and the locomotive direction mechanically switches ended to gasolene functioning. This allows an extra stove of 450 kilometers (279.6 mi).

The A4 Avant g-tron is specially ecofriendly when it runs on Audi e-gas. With this fire, the party presents the beginning manakin of wholly CO2-neutral long-distance mobility. Audi produces this fire with the avail of renewable vigor, weewee and CO2 in various power-to-gas plants. Victimization this method, the blade with the Quartet Rings makes surpluses of renewable push storable. The e-gas can be bought with a particular filling-station scorecard, which acts as a recompense instrumentate.

In duplicate, Audi is chronic its explore in the country of e-fuels. Conjointly its partners, the party has now highly-developed a new method of producing e-gas. This secures the succeeding ply for the revolt turn of g-tron models on the roadstead. Thanks to the new method, Audi e-gas is produced with the assistant of microorganisms by agency of biologic methanation. Compared with the old ill-used chemic treat, the gas is produced at importantly lour ambient pressures and lour temperatures.

Transmissions

Manual transmittance, S tronic and tiptronic, front-wheel and quattro effort – thither are diverse solutions for superpower transmitting in the new A4 models. Made-to-order engineering is useable for apiece locomotive.

The manual transmitting, which is stock equipment for all TFSI engines and for the four-cylinder TDI locomotive, is an all-new growing. Lots of its trapping is made of mg. A spur-gear degree replaces the calamus to the front-axle derivative secondhand on the late simulation, providing enceinte advantages in footing of detrition and spa requirements. Surface gearwheels, empty shafts and a littler clasp concentrate the transmitting’s weighting farther with the end answer that the new whole is 16 kilograms (35.3 lb) barge than the old one.

Audi’s new seven-speed S tronic is usable for all engines exclude the top TDI and is received equipment for the 3.0 TDI houseclean diesel with 160 kW (218 hp). The dual-clutch contagion, which replaces the unendingly varying multitronic transmittal, features splendid efficiency. The well-nigh crucial improvements are a promote reducing in detrition, the low weighting, extremely effective oil lines and a motor pendulum-type absorber on the dual-mass flywheel which allows selfsame low loafing speeds.

The two compress multi-disc grip of the new seven-speed S tronic are staged axially arse apiece early alternatively of – as with the forerunner – radially supra apiece former, which reduces draw torsion. They engage two branch sub-transmissions, which are constructed ilk manual transmissions. They are permanently dynamic but sole one of them is attached to the locomotive. Geartrain shifts hap inside a few hundredths of a secondment by agency of clutches operations, and with about no suspension of grip. With the quattro transmissions, powerfulness is inherited from the cause calamus done a spur-gear stagecoach to the front-axle derivative.

Smooth and fast: the eight-speed tiptronic

The eight-speed tiptronic is useable lone with the 3.0 TDI unobjectionable diesel with 200 kW (272 hp). The tranquil, speedy and impromptu unfirm torque-converter transmittal is another all-new ontogenesis. Its high-pitched issue of gears allows the locomotive to be operated about its saint payload for more of the sentence. A new engine-speed-adaptive shaking absorber allows the herculean V6 diesel to run swimmingly tied at hardly 850 rpm. The excogitation of the pitch sets and unfirm elements ensures low pull torsion, which results in highschool efficiency.

Both reflex transmissions in the new A4 serial are submit of the art and characteristic a wide-cut gap of gears: Their frown gears deliver sportsmanlike low ratios and mellow ratios for the amphetamine gears to dilute locomotive velocity and fire usance. The S tronic and the tiptronic are structured into the locomotive’s caloric direction and intentional for start-stop process. The driver can blue-ribbon betwixt modes D, S and E and can manually shimmy gears at any sentence with the picker prize or with the stock switching paddles on the wheel. All the driver’s inputs are hereditary to the transmittance electrically (“by electrify”), a immediate tap on the picker prise triggers the shifting mastery.

The new sail ascendance includes an telling efficiency routine: When the driver lifts his or her fundament from the gun in mood D or E, the transmittal shifts to harum-scarum whenever that would solvent in fire savings. This coasting mood is potential betwixt 55 and 160 km/h (34.2-99.4 mph). The part can call eve more efficaciously when a car has the optional systems prognosticative efficiency aid and Blockage&Go adaptative sail command including traffic-jam aid.

Front-wheel cause is banner equipment in the new Audi A4 kinsfolk. With the gas engines, quattro perm all-wheel cause is uncommitted for the 2.0 TFSI with 185 kW (245 hp). For the diesel engines it is usable as of the 2.0 TDI with 140 kW (190 hp) and is stock equipment for the about brawny 3.0 TDI with 200 kW (272 hp).

Dynamics, traction, safety: quattro permanent all-wheel drive

Audi’s quattro all-wheel cause is the ultimate in price of kinetics, grip, rubber and straight-line dependableness. It is a strictly mechanical organization and hence operates without any postponement. In pattern functioning, its self-locking exchange derivative, which is intentional as a erratic gearing string, transfers 60 percentage of the locomotive’s torsion to the bottom axle and 40 percentage to the battlefront. Contingent the office, capable 70 pct of the torsion can be transferred to the battlefront and capable 85 pct to the bum. These gamey limits appropriate a understandably outlined torsion dispersion and super exact interaction with the restraint systems.

The encourage highly-developed wheel-selective torsion ascendence is a drivetrain “collaborator” and is now dynamic on all route surfaces. During active cornering, the package role slimly brakes the presence bike on the intimate position of the bend (with front-wheel driving) or both privileged wheels (with quattro driving) ahead wheelspin occurs. This likewise takes berth when the dryer is not press the throttle. Due to the unlike forces, the car turns slenderly into the sheer; the roll-steer impression corpse indifferent for thirster and the car’s manipulation is more exact, spry and static.

The fun derivative, optional for the top TDI as of 2016, optimizes treatment. It actively splits torsion ‘tween the back wheels done two stages. During sportier drive, the organisation literally pushes the car into the curvature, eliminating any leaning to understeer. This routine, which is managed by a fresh highly-developed ascendancy whole – the electronic reprieve platform – is incorporate into Audi effort choice. The mutation derivative reacts quicker than that of the premature framework and is some one kg igniter.

Driving dynamics

Hard impulsive kinetics are an significant sport of the Audi A4. Inside its section, both sporting impulsive joy and quilt are key factors with compliments to respite tuning. An A4 is intentional to be fun to cause on wandering roadstead likewise as organism an saint motorcar with its splendid rally comforter for foresightful distances.

These properties are based not least on the exact electromechanical direction and the new highly-developed five-link forepart and behind axles. An extra vantage is that drive kinetics can be familiarized to apiece spot. Audi crusade choose influences the map of the might direction and gas too as the optional varying reprieve. This makes the A4 extremely convinced on highways and spry on wind nation roadstead.

Audi’s conclusion to instal varying impact absorbers makes the car more classifiable in price of razz solace besides. First, the driver can blue-ribbon betwixt two respite settings. One of them is tuned for a more jazzy and dynamical impulsive manner, piece the over-the-counter has its stress more on puff.

Suspension

2016 Audi A4

The new A4 and A4 Avant blending enceinte talents: dynamical manipulation and a easy bait upcoming the story of the future higher motorcar family. The Audi engineers highly-developed a new suspension for this exemplar serial with a center taxonomical jackanapes twist and exact responses.

A encourage enhanced five-link battlefront axle is put-upon, the rationale of which allows optimum assimilation of longitudinal or sidelong forces. The mounts are intentional to be cockeyed and sporting in the sidelong centering but smoothen and balmy in the longitudinal steering. Vibrations are systematically eliminated with the use of a hydromount, which ensures fantabulous comforter on with a heights arcdegree of nimbleness.

In edict to accomplish optimum rigorousness, the speed links are unified now into the bodywork, dissimilar on the late manakin. All axle links, the pin presence and the muffler stilts are made of bad al.

The whippersnapper conception is realised with the use of monotube dampers and high-strength, thin-wall tube-shaped stabiliser bars and metameric bike hubs. Compared with the premature modelling, the weighting of the strawman axle has been rock-bottom by six kilograms.

The depress tie-in stratum is committed with freshly intentional prophylactic mounts to a loanblend subframe made of high-strength and al. The clay installment of the subframe in the forepart of the trunk minimizes vibrations and provides the instauration for optimum lightsomeness.

3.5 kilograms (7.7 lb) lighter: the electromechanical power steering

Audi likewise distinct on all-new electromechanical mightiness steerage, redemptive 3.5 kilograms (7.7 lb) compared with the premature manakin. It consumes rattling picayune get-up-and-go and has a orchestrate, clean proportion of 15.9:1. Exponent aid is based on the car’s flow hurrying. The guidance provides selfsame accurate feedback from the route, responds impromptu and is selfsame exact.

The new electromechanical mightiness direction is functionally affiliated with roughly of the new driver aid systems such as the Occlusion&Go adaptative sail ascendance including traffic-jam help.

Dynamical steerage is useable In combining with engines of 110 kW (150 hp) and supra. Done the use of layered gear, its proportion varies by capable 100 pct, contingent the car’s fastness and the fashion selected in the Audi campaign take impulsive kinetics organisation. Fomite stabilisation is supported by lightning-fast guidance impulses, advance enhancing stableness and safe.

In the bum of the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant, a five-link axle replaces the trapezoidal-link axles of the premature manakin. By substance of an reasoning compounding of materials, the burden of the axle components has been rock-bottom by another 5 kilograms.

Low unsprung batch provides a sporting drive know, and conjointly the new muffler and elastomer tuning, it allows a polish cod, first-class personify controller and improved pedal damping and command. First, monotube jolt absorbers deliver been exploited, resulting in a advance weightiness step-down. The axle is insulated from the trunk with hydraulicly damped axle mounts. This reduces the shocks from the route aerofoil importantly patch maintaining sidelong counselling. Extra measures for the decrease of fire usance are friction-optimized cycle bearings and aero-deflectors that cut scroll and winding resistivity.

Central suspension control unit – the electronic suspension platform

A primal abatement mastery organisation has been applied to accomplish nonesuch interaction betwixt the versatile drive kinetics systems. This extremely incorporated ascendancy gimmick was especially highly-developed for the new A4. It processes all the entropy relevant for drive kinetics, from which it calculates the drive post and the stream route rise frictional coefficient. This info allows optimum ascendance of the organisation for extremely exact, active manipulation and maximal razz solace.

Broad spectrum: suspension with adjustable shock absorbers

As an option to the criterion tuning with extremely sore monotube daze absorbers, Audi has furnished the new A4 and A4 Avant with two dangling systems that apply varying damping; one focuses on quilt and the early on flashy drive. Sensors step the drive of all quatern wheels also as longitudinal and transversal quickening. The cushion absorbers are so familiarised to the road-surface weather and drive office consequently. This results in enhanced impulsive kinetics with fifty-fifty more quilt. In add-on, the driver can opt the introductory respite mount by press a release in Audi cause blue-ribbon, so that the coveted characteristics are forever useable.

This is made potential with freshly highly-developed CDC (uninterrupted damping restraint) jounce absorbers with electromagnetically controlled valves in their pistons. They let hydraulic liquid to menstruation quicker or more slow prn. A new operational construct makes them selfsame get-up-and-go effective. The fundamental respite ascendance whole processes all detector signals inside milliseconds and controls apiece cushion singly. Jointly the full reach of the muffler valves, this ensures a blanket spectrum betwixt a balmy hike and tauten manipulation.

When hanging with varying cushion absorbers is installed, the car personify is 10 millimeters (0.4 in) glower than with a pattern abeyance in the ease mount and 23 millimeters (0.9 in) frown in the play scene.

Similar the abeyance with varying cushion absorbers, quattro driving with play derivative (usable as of 2016) and dynamical guidance belong the optional components for the new A4 phratry whose controller is included in the optional Audi driving take arrangement (banner equipment as of 140 kW/190 hp).

In the introductory shape, the driver can use this organisation to determine the doings of throttle, robotlike transmittance, direction, sail command or adaptative sail ascendance (ACC) and robotic air-conditioning in several modes, named Comfortableness, Motorcar, Dynamical and Efficiency. In connective with a piloting organization, thither is too the fashion Case-by-case, with which the driver can adapt apiece organisation as craved.

Banner equipment for the new A4 and A4 Avant in the pedestal pipeline includes 16‑in or 17-inch light-alloy wheels (contingent the locomotive); 17-inch mould al wheels are fitted with the excogitation and fun lines. Audi and quattro GmbH pass optional wheels ranging from 18-inch form al flow-forming wheels (received equipment with the S contrast variation packet and with pattern choice) to 19-inch diam. An aerodynamically optimized rendering is offered of the 16 and 17-inch wheels.

All the wheels Audi offers for the A4 are passing igniter and their low unsprung multitude contributes to the gaudy impulsive live. All tires deliver optimized roller underground. A mend set and tire-pressure monitoring are touchstone equipment with the selection of a space-saving substitute bike.

A wide-cut compass of brakes are fitted on the versatile models. The A4 models with the TDI locomotive capable 120 kW (163 hp) and the TFSI capable 140 kW (190 hp) and 16‑in wheels deliver bracken discs with vagrant calipers. The models with the virtually potent engines and 17-inch wheels sustain bracken discs with particularly lightness rigid al calipers. The new brakes are around phoebe kilograms (11 lb) barge than those of the premature models.

The presence axles are fitted with internally ventilated bracken discs of capable 338 millimeters (13.3 in) in diam. The electromechanical emergency is structured into the back axle and features new belongings and start functions. Many aspects of the Electronic Stabilisation Controller (ESC) suffer been farther highly-developed; it now operates with eventide more preciseness and sensitivity than on the former exemplar. In the dynamical way, locomotive interference is mostly deactivated and bracken interference is somewhat decreased.

Exterior design

The duration of the Saloon rendering of the new A4 is 4,726 millimeters (186.1 in), which is 25 millimeters (1 in) yearner than the late framework. Its breadth has full-grown by 16 millimeters (0.6 in) to 1,842 millimeters (72.5 in) and its acme is unaltered at 1,427 millimeters (56.2 in) – the last-place in the bounty section. Its wheelbase has big by 12 millimeters (0.5 in) to 2,820 millimeters (111 in). The new Audi A4 Avant is one millimetre (0.0 in) shorter and heptad millimeters (0.3 in) higher than the Saloon; all early dimensions are monovular.

Audi’s designers sustain precondition the A4 Saloon and A4 Avant a outstanding appearing with balanced and symmetrical proportions. With a cast that is both technoid and elegantly clean, the make with the Four-spot Rings has again intentional an telling auto.

At the strawman, horizontal lines and the wrap-around cap underscore the car’s breadth; the ascendant factor is a broader and glower Singleframe grillwork with a conspicuously contoured fretwork construction.

Unmistakable graphics: the headlights

The headlights insure apparent kindling artwork with their toothed frown edges. Fiberoptics manikin two astute angles for the day working lights and – at their amphetamine edges – the play indicators. Xe asset units are banner equipment and Audi besides offers LED headlights likewise as matrix LED headlights. With both options, the dispirited resembles an eye; its xi lighter diodes command alone 20 watts of might. The act indicators and all-weather lights are positioned infra.

The wide irradiation of the matrix LED headlights is produced by xii LEDs with ternary reflectors. The camera on the upcountry mirror provides the information, and the mastery whole switches them on and off separately prn or dims them in 64 stages. Therein way, the matrix LED headlights diffuse sparkle in various 1000000 potential combinations. Regardless how they are set, they illumine the route with a ignitor tone like to day, but without glary early route users. Sparkle is directed at those signs with decreased saturation to control that the driver is not blinded by the stiff reflections of route signs.

The crease light of the matrix LED headlights is created by shifty the lighter’s independent nidus. In combining with the optional MMI Pilotage summation, it comes into execute earlier the wheel is sour thanks to the prognostic itinerary information. The dynamical indicators use a serial of lightness diodes switched consecutive from inner to remote in the management of twist, clear signal the car’s steering to over-the-counter route users.

Elegant and technoid

Graceful, coherent and symmetrical – the sleek lines on the sides of the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant consecrate them a gaudy, extended appearing. The bonnet wraps round the speed edges of the fenders and features quartet marked contours. The berm demarcation starts at the corners of the headlights then curves to and wraps about the ass. On the sides, its cut creates an intensifier interplay of lighter and phantasma.

The active business flows lightly upwards supra the threshold sills, and the bicycle wells let a marked flair. The trunk infra the glower windowpane contrast is almost double as heights as from the windowpane cable to the cap – distinctive for Audi. The low cap job curves quick down; on the Avant it flows into raked D-pillars. The Avant has blacken ceiling track as received equipment. The outside mirrors are mounted on the strawman doors, as they are on a sports car.

The Saloon’s torso lid ends in a understandably outlined bound, piece the Avant has a ceiling pillager. The exhaust leads into a diffuser, individual or duplicate, contingent the locomotive. It terminates in a bingle tailpipe, a reduplicate tailpipe (TDI as of 140 kW/190 hp) or two offprint tailpipes (TFSI as of 140 kW/190 hp), which let chromed end pieces in combining with the equipment lines and the 3.0 TDI.

Alike the headlamps, the backside lights besides have multi-faceted 3D figure. With the crisp recesses in the inside corners, their contours are a sequel of the trunk conception, with nipper differences betwixt Saloon and Avant. Apiece whole has 48 LEDs (on equipment versions with LED headlights). The bracken lights are located in the outer frown parting of the lights; the active stoplight constitutes a discase on the amphetamine border. The two behind lights are affiliated with a contract trimness constituent lit by the taillights.

15 colors: the paintwork

The new Audi A4 and A4 Avant models are useable in 15 colours. The two firm blusher finishes are superb blacken and ibis gabardine. The metal and pearl-effect blusher finishes are Argus brownness, cuvée smooth-spoken, floweret flatware, Daytona gy (for the S business fun bundle), glacier ovalbumin, Gotland common, Manhattan greyness, matador red, moon dark, aqua-lung blueness, monsoon grayness, mythos blacken and tango red.

With the example modification of the A4 category, Audi is introducing new, modular equipment lines, gift customers fifty-fifty more choices and likewise influencing details of the car’s outside. In add-on to the bag models, thither testament be the sportsman and pattern lines, likewise as the S demarcation athletics parcel and innovation excerption at the top end.

The body

Contempt the increased dimensions, the Audi A4 and A4 Avant consider capable 120 kilograms (264.6 lb) less than the late models – the foundation Saloon 1.4 TFSI, which bequeath surveil shortly subsequently the initial commercialize establish, weighs but 1,320 kilograms (2,910.1 lb) void and without driver. With this whippersnapper structure, the consistence is one of the lightest in its category. It is 15 kilograms (33.1 lb) hoy than its herald, thanks to geometric whippersnapper structure and an sound compounding of materials.

The faculty interbreeding appendage nether the splashboard is made of extruded and mainsheet al, patch the battlefront hybridization extremity is an extruded visibility. On the new A4 Avant, the nodes in the amphetamine ends of the D-pillars are made of die-cast aluminium and the tailboard is besides aluminium. The recondite lottery of the tailboard in the wardrobe takes berth with a gimmick known as and well-informed peter: Laser sensors measurement how the mainsheet alloy behaves during the summons; if necessity, electrically operated drafting aids shuffling little adjustments to the pressing. This results in level higher preciseness in the magnitude of thousandths of millimeters.

The mounts for the strawman MacPherson struts are extremely incorporate aluminium castings. Compared with components made of shroud sword, which are welded unitedly out of respective parts, they thin angle by a tally of eighter kilograms. This building allows a really corpse connective ‘tween the amphetamine ends of the struts and the car soundbox, thence ensuring optimum weather for impulsive kinetics.

In the new Audi A4 and A4 Avant, the hot-stamped components manikin the high-strength, crash-proof back of the rider compartment. They fortify the modulation from the figurehead of the car to the inner, the head-on region of the cap underframe, the B-pillars, the doorway sills and parts of the deck. They name 17 pct of the structure.

Peace and quiet on board: Audi sets the benchmark

With its first-class torsional inflexibility, the bodies of the A4 and A4 Avant lay the foundations for extremely accurate manipulation and tranquility in the car; the new A4 models exceed their competitors therein obedience. Switchable locomotive mounts assure warning solace when the locomotive is idleness. The waterproofing construct for doors and tailboard (on the Avant) is extremely composite and an acoustical windshield is banner equipment. As an choice, Audi supplies acoustical spyglass for the forepart doors and tinted secrecy ice is useable for the behind doors.

The new Audi A4 and A4 Avant account top marks too for inactive prophylactic. In the inside, the adaptative occupier simplicity organisation for the breast seating offers spectacular shelter. It adjusts the burden of the figurehead airbags and the seat-belt strength clipper to the posing place of the driver and front-seat rider and to the typewrite of frontlet hit.

You may also like...